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Journal article

Does gradual retirement have better outcomes than abrupt retirement? Results from an Australian panel study

Authors:
de VAUS David, et al
Journal article citation:
Ageing and Society, 27(5), September 2007, pp.667-682.
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press

Conventional wisdom promotes gradual retirement rather than an abrupt end to the working life. This paper compares the outcomes of abrupt and gradual retirement one and three years after the transition to retirement began using data from an Australian panel study. The outcomes included changes in health, positive and negative affect, wellbeing and marital cohesion. For many outcomes there was no difference between gradual and abrupt retirements, but those who retired abruptly were more likely to rate their health as having deteriorated and more likely to report better adjustment to retirement. Control over retirement decisions was also explored; it emerged as a more important factor in retirement wellbeing than whether the transition was gradual or abrupt. The absence of interaction or additive effects between the retirement pathway and the level of control over the process confirmed this result. Thus there is no simple answer to the question in the title. Retiring gradually allows time for people to make changes to their lifestyle, but having control over the timing and manner of leaving work had a greater positive impact on psychological and social wellbeing, and this persisted three years after retirement. The findings suggest that policies and employment practices that promote employees' control of their retirement decisions will enhance wellbeing in later life and facilitate longer workforce participation.

Book Full text available online for free

The Social Security (Deferral of Retirement Pensions etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006: statutory rule 2006 no. 113

Author:
NORTHERN IRELAND
Publisher:
Stationery Office
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
3p.
Place of publication:
Belfast

These Regulations apply in relation to the deferral of retirement pensions, shared additional pension and graduated retirement benefit.

Journal article

Living arrangements among older people: an overview of trends in Europe and the USA

Authors:
TOMASSINI Cecilia, et al
Journal article citation:
Population Trends, 115, 2004, pp.24-34.
Publisher:
Office for National Statistics

Compares the trends in living arrangements of older people in several European countries and the USA. Trends in cross-country variability in several factors that could account for these cross-national differences, including marital status, fertility, labour force participation and attitudes are also examined. In most countries the proportion of older people living alone increased substantially between 1970 and 1990. However the increase in living alone stabilised or even declined between 1990 and 2000 in most of the countries analysed indicating a possible reversal of the trend. Increases in proportions of married older women and reductions in the proportions childless may partially explain this. Considerable variability in both trends and levels of older people's living arrangements was seen especially between north-western and southern European countries. These variations mirrored contrasts in attitudes towards residential care and patient-child co-residence between the countries.

Journal article

A personalised approach to retirement preparation and enrichment

Author:
LOWIS M.J.
Journal article citation:
Social Work Maatskaplike Werk, 31(1), March 1995, pp.79-89.

Reviews a number of attempts in South Africa to prepare people for an active and fulfilling retirement.

Journal article

Spanish fly in the ointment

Author:
DOBSON Roger
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 11.8.94, 1994, p.9.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

Tens of thousands of Britons who retired to Spain, faced with pensions linked to the UK-inflation rate, their own failing health, little domiciliary care, and expensive private care, may start to return to the UK - with implications for social services resources, particularly those SSDs with international airports or ferry terminals.

Journal article

Helldorado

Author:
EATON Lynn
Journal article citation:
Social Work Today, 16.7.92, 1992, p.10.
Publisher:
British Association of Social Workers

As the BBC launches its new sun-drenched Spanish soap, many elderly expatriates who had dreamt of an easier life on the Costa del Sol are now facing harsher realities.

Journal article

Suntrap

Author:
EATON Lynn
Journal article citation:
Social Work Today, 6.9.90, 1990, pp.22-23.
Publisher:
British Association of Social Workers

Britons who have retired to Spain are finding that rising inflation, hospital costs and language difficulties are spoiling the fun.

Journal article

Access to bridge employment: who finds and who does not find work after retirement?

Authors:
DINGEMANS Ellen, HENKENS Kene, VAN SOLINGE Hanna
Journal article citation:
Gerontologist, 56(4), 2016, pp.630-640.
Publisher:
Gerontological Society of America

... jobs, while others unsuccessfully searched for one. Design and methods: Using Dutch panel data for 1,221 retirees, we estimated a multinomial logit model to explain participation in, and unsuccessful searches for, bridge employment. Results: About 1 in 4 retirees participated in bridge employment after retirement, while 7% searched unsuccessfully for such work. Particularly those who experienced (Edited publisher abstract)

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Housing our ageing population: positive ideas. HAPPI 3: making retirement living a positive choice

Authors:
BEST Richard, ALL PARTY PARLIAMENTARY GROUP ON HOUSING AND CARE FOR OLDER PEOPLE
Publisher:
Housing Learning and Improvement Network
Publication year:
2016
Pagination:
7507
Place of publication:
Birmingham

Explores how older people can be given more control over the management and delivery of services and access to a wider range of housing choices. In particular, to ensure that they can: be as independent as they want to be; feel part of a community and choose how and when to they want to engage; stay connected with their social or other support networks, including through the use of technology, preventing isolation and loneliness; have a clear understanding of purchase, shared ownership or rental prices so that they can make informed decisions about what they can afford to buy and/or rent; and have greater clarity and certainty over service charges and associated property costs/management fees so that they retain more control and can plan their finances effectively. The report recognises that some of the factors that can impede older people 'rightsizing' - such as emotional ties to a home or community - are difficult to overcome. However, it says that measures to make moving easier, to build specialist 'care ready' housing where people want it and to address the sector's lingering negative image will encourage more people to move while still fit and healthy. Having taken evidence from a range of experts and stakeholders, the report also calls on local authorities to recognise the social and economic benefits of right-sizing in their local plans and planning policies. House builders and lenders, the report says, should do more to support people looking to move to more appropriate housing by developing clear and transparent information around fees and other costs that offer greater choice and control. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Transitions to part-time work at older ages: the case of people with disabilities in Europe

Author:
PAGÁN Ricardo
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 27(1), 2012, pp.95-115.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

This article examines the labour-force transitions of older workers with disabilities in general, particularly workers’ transitions to and from part-time employment within a European context. Using the 2004 and 2007 waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, the article compares transitions between employment statuses for disabled and non-disabled individuals, even after employment as a means of increasing employment opportunities for older workers with disabilities and support gradual retirement opportunities with flexible working hours.

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