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Book

Services to prevent disability in the elderly: report on a WHO meeting...October 1982

Author:
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. Regional Office for Europe
Publisher:
World Health Organization
Publication year:
1983
Pagination:
33p.,diags.,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Copenhagen
Journal article

Barriers and strategies affecting the utilisation of primary preventive services for people with physical disabilities: a qualitative inquiry

Authors:
KROLL Thilo, et al
Journal article citation:
Health and Social Care in the Community, 14(4), July 2006, pp.284-293.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Individuals with physical disabilities are less likely to utilise primary preventive healthcare services than the general population. At the same time they are at greater risk for secondary conditions and as likely as the general population to engage in health risk behaviours. This qualitative exploratory study had two principal objectives: (1) to investigate access barriers to obtaining preventive healthcare services for adults with physical disabilities and (2) to identify strategies to increase access to these services. The authors conducted five focus group interviews with adults (median age: 46) with various physically disabling conditions. Most participants were male Caucasians residing in Virginia, USA. Study participants reported a variety of barriers that prevented them from receiving the primary preventive services commonly recommended by the US Preventive Services Task Force.The authors  used a health services framework to distinguish structural–environmental (to include inaccessible facilities and examination equipment) or process barriers (to include a lack of disability-related provider knowledge, respect, and skilled assistance during office visits). Participants suggested a range of strategies to address these barriers including disability-specific continuing education for providers, the development of accessible prevention-focused information portals for people with physical disabilities, and consumer self-education, and assertiveness in requesting recommended services. Study findings point to the need for a more responsive healthcare system to effectively meet the primary prevention needs of people with physical disabilities. The authors propose the development of a consumer- and provider-focused resource and information kit that reflects the strategies that were suggested by study participants.

Journal article

The intersection of disability and child abuse in England and the United States

Authors:
COHEN Shirley, WARREN Rachel D.
Journal article citation:
Child Welfare Journal, 69(3), May 1990, pp.253-262.
Publisher:
Child Welfare League of America

Reports on the findings of a study on the combined incidence of child abuse with disability and the role of preventive services, particularly health visitors.

Book

Early intervention and disability prevention programmes in Singapore

Author:
SINGAPORE. Ministry of Community Development
Publisher:
Singapore. Ministry of Community Development
Publication year:
1985
Pagination:
32p.
Place of publication:
Singapore
Journal article

Health care for women with disabilities: population-based evidence of disparities

Authors:
PARISH Susan L., HUH Jungwon
Journal article citation:
Health and Social Work, 3(1), February 2006, pp.7-15.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Despite having similar or better potential access to health care, women with disabilities experience worse health care and worse preventive care than nondisabled women. This study examined the health care of a national probability sample of 8,721 disabled and 45,522 nondisabled women living in the United States. Logistic regression models, adjusted for age and household income, were estimated for eight measures of health care, including three measures of potential access to care, two measures of receipt of preventive services, and postponement of care. Findings signal potentially serious consequences for women with disabilities, who require care at higher rates than their nondisabled counterparts and are at increased risk of developing secondary conditions if their care needs are not met.

Journal article

A population health perspective on disability and depression in elderly women and men

Author:
BOULD Sally
Journal article citation:
Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 17(2), 2005, pp.7-24.
Publisher:
Routledge
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

Criticizes the narrow focus of the biomedical model of medical treatment for depression in the elderly and points to alternative policy approaches under the model of population health.  This broader approach, together with a gender analysis, indicates a need for policies to prevent disability in late life and to alleviate existing disabilities by targeted exercise and practical self-help programs, as well as the provision of help in the home for disabled elderly women with depressive symptoms.  For disabled elderly men with depressive symptoms, however, a more aggressive and comprehensive biomedical treatment is needed for better suicide prevention.

Journal article

Trust betrayed

Author:
LAURENT Claire
Journal article citation:
Nursing Times, 10.3.93, 1993, p.20.
Publisher:
Nursing Times

Reviews the findings of the NSPCC's 'Abuse of Children and Adults with Disabilities' report, and considers the role of health professionals in protecting children with disabilities from abuse.

Book Full text available online for free

Preventative services for disabled children: a final report of the national evaluation of the Children's Fund

Authors:
BARNES M., et al
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department for Education and Skills
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
53p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

This report presents current evidence concerning the social inclusion of disabled children and their families, and has been developed following an extensive search of academic and policy literature published over the past decade. The focus is on the need for and impacts of preventative (rather than critically responsive) services and strategies for disabled children aged between five and 13 years. Disabled children is a term inclusive of all children who face disabling barriers to social inclusion, irrespective of their impairment.

Book Full text available online for free

Preventing social exclusion of disabled children and their families: literature review paper produced for the national evaluation of the Children's Fund

Author:
CLARKE Harriet
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department for Education and Skills
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
55p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

This report presents current evidence concerning the social inclusion of disabled children and their families, and has been developed following an extensive search of academic and policy literature published over the past decade. The focus is on the need for and impacts of preventative (rather than critically responsive) services and strategies for disabled children aged between five and 13 years. Disabled children is a term inclusive of all children who face disabling barriers to social inclusion, irrespective of their impairment.

Journal article

Disability, genetics and global justice

Author:
SHAKESPEARE Tom
Journal article citation:
Social Policy and Society, 4(1), January 2005, pp.87-95.
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press

Genetic developments are viewed with distrust by the disability rights community. But the argument that genetic screening promotes social injustice is not straightforward. Disabled people are affected by both the problems of impairment and the problems of disability. Preventing impairment should be a priority as well as preventing disability. Questions of social justice arise if biomedical approaches are prioritized at the cost of structural changes in society. They also arise when disabled people do not have access to genetic medicine. On a global scale, the priorities for impairment prevention are basic healthcare, not high technology medicine.

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