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Journal article

Unwanted sex among young adults in the United States: the role of physical disability and cognitive performance

Authors:
HAYDON Abigail A., MCREE Annie-Laurie, HALPERN Carolyn Tucker
Journal article citation:
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(17), November 2011, pp.3476-3493.
Publisher:
Sage

Individuals with physical and cognitive disabilities are at least as likely to experience interpersonal violence and abuse as individuals without disabilities. This study examined associations between unwanted sexual experiences (physically forced and nonphysically coerced sex) and physical disability and cognitive performance. It used data about 11,878 participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationally representative survey of the young people in the United States. Survey questions about unwanted sexual experiences were designed to reflect only experiences occurring outside of parent or caregiver relationships and to exclude instances of childhood or adolescent sexual abuse. Approximately 24% of females and 4% of males reported unwanted sexual experiences. Compared to respondents without disabilities, females with a physical disability had greater odds of experiencing forced sex whereas males with a physical disability had greater odds of coerced sex. Men and women with poor cognitive performance were at least as likely to experience unwanted sexual contact as those with average cognitive ability. The authors discuss the findings and suggest that further research is required about the association between disability and unwanted sexual experiences.

Book Full text available online for free

Personal assistance for children and adolescents (0-18) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Authors:
MAYO-WILSON Evan, MONTGOMERY Paul, DENNIS Jane
Publisher:
Campbell Collaboration
Publication year:
2008
Pagination:
30p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
Oslo

This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with both physical and intellectual impairments, and the impacts of personal assistance on others, compared to other interventions. Personal assistance is defined as paid support of at least 20 hours per week for people with impairments to enable them to participate in mainstream activities. The report focuses and the methodology used in the review;  Electronic databases were searched from 1980 to June 2005; reference lists were checked; 345 experts, organisations, government bodies and charities were contacted in an attempt to locate relevant research. The review identified no studies that met the inclusion criteria.

Journal article

Biomechanics and prevention of body shape distortion

Authors:
HILL Sarah, GOLDSMITH John
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 15(2), April 2010, pp.15-32.
Publisher:
Emerald

Changes in body shape can happen slowly over long periods of time, and may affect any person who has difficulty moving efficiently. Supporting the body in symmetrical supine lying has been found to protect and restore body shape. Those described as having complex and continuing health care needs or profound and multiple learning disabilities are more likely to be at risk of developing changes in body shape. This article considers patterns of chest distortion and reduction of internal capacity of the abdomen and thorax with key characteristics for those supporting individuals at risk. It describes non-invasive measurement of body symmetry as a relevant outcome measure in the effort to protect body shape, and highlights the consequences for individuals, their families and service providers. Case studies are presented which demonstrate that the body is vulnerable to distortion but also susceptible to restoration as long as the correct biomechanical forces are applied. In conclusion, it is proposed that therapeutic night positioning is an effective intervention which should be made available to those at risk of body shape distortion from an early age.

Book

Support network on disability: a resource guide to disability groups and organisations

Author:
ARAMAYO Manuel
Publisher:
Manchester Metropolitan University. Interpersonal and Organisational Development Research Group
Publication year:
2000
Pagination:
98p.
Place of publication:
Manchester

Directory and resource guide to disability groups and organisations arranged alphabetically by disability.

Book

Anger management: an anger management training package for individuals with disabilities

Authors:
GULBENKOGLU Hrepsime, NAGILIASSIS Nick
Publisher:
Jessica Kingsley
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
167p.
Place of publication:
London

Many people with intellectual disabilities have difficulty managing feelings of anger. Anger Management is a complete training package for helping people with intellectual or physical disabilities deal with anger in constructive, effective ways. The training program consists of 12 fully-scripted sessions dealing with topics such as recognising feelings of anger, learning to relax and think calmly, and being assertive and handling problems competently. Each session follows a standard format, including introductions, reviews of previous sessions, and explanations. Photocopiable handouts, facilitator's script and evaluation sheets are provided for each session. Designed specifically for people with intellectual disabilities, but suitable for people with physical disabilities too, this training package provides relevant and authoritative information and exercises.

Book

The body and physical difference: discourses on disability

Editors:
MITCHELL David T., SNYDER Sharon L., (eds)
Publisher:
University of Michigan Press
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
300p.
Place of publication:
Ann Arbor, MI

The book seeks to introduce the field of disability studies into the humanities by exploring the fantasies and fictions that have crystallized around conceptions of physical and cognitive difference. Based on the premise that the significance of disabilities in culture and the arts has been culturally vexed as well as historically erased, the collection probes our society's pathological investment in human variability and "aberrancy." The contributors demonstrate how definitions of disability underpin fundamental concepts such as normalcy, health, bodily integrity, individuality, citizenship, and morality--all terms that define the very essence of what it means to be human. The book provides a provocative range of topics and perspectives: the absence of physical "otherness" in Ancient Greece, the depiction of the female invalid in Victorian literature, the production of tragic innocence in British and American telethons, the reconstruction of Civil War amputees, and disability as the aesthetic basis for definitions of expendable life within the modern eugenics movement. With this new, secure anchoring in the humanities, disability studies now emerges as a significant strain in contemporary theories of identity and social marginality. Moving beyond the oversimplication that disabled people are marginalized and made invisible by able-ist assumptions and practices, the contributors demonstrate that representation is founded upon the perpetual exhibition of human anomalies. In this sense, all art can be said to migrate toward the "freakish" and the "grotesque." Such a project paradoxically makes disability the exception and the rule of the desire to represent that which has been traditionally  out-of-bounds in polite discourse.

Book Full text available online for free

Your human rights: a guide for disabled people

Authors:
COOKE Sarah, MATTHEWS Lucy
Publisher:
British Institute of Human Rights
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
50p.
Place of publication:
London

Your Human Rights’ is a series of four plain English, non-technical guides focusing on the practical relevance of human rights in the UK. They are written directly for people living with mental health problems, disabled people, older people and refugees and asylum seekers who are in situations where they may need information on their human rights. They will also be useful for people working with these groups, or people who would like to know more about the impact of human rights on these groups. The present booklet  is devoted to

Book

The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 2006: statutory rule 2006 no. 312 (N.I. 1)

Author:
NORTHERN IRELAND
Publisher:
Stationery Office
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
1p.
Place of publication:
Belfast

Minor grammatical corrections The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 2006: statutory rule 2006 no. 312.

Book

The disability pendulum: the first decade of the Americans with Disabilities Act

Author:
COLKER Ruth
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication year:
2005
Pagination:
245p.
Place of publication:
New York

Signed into law in July 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became effective two years later, and court decisions about the law began to multiply in the middle of the decade. This book presents the first legislative history of the enactment of the ADA in Congress and analyzes the first decade of judicial decisions under the act. It assesses the success and failure of the first ten years of litigation under the ADA, focusing on its three major titles: employment, public entities, and public accommodations. The book argues that despite an initial atmosphere of bipartisan support with the expectation that the ADA would make a significant difference in the lives of individuals with disabilities, judicial decisions have not been consistent with Congress intentions. The courts have operated like a pendulum, at times swinging to a pro-disabled plaintiff and then back again to a pro-defendant stance. The author, whose work on the ADA has been cited by the Supreme Court, offers practical suggestions on where to amend the act to make it more effective in defending disability rights, and also explains judicial hostility toward enforcing the act.

Book Full text available online for free

Making change happen for black and minority ethnic disabled people

Author:
JOSEPH ROWNTREE FOUNDATION
Publisher:
Joseph Rowntree Foundation
Publication year:
2005
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
York

Four grassroots development projects were supported by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation to generate practical learning about how to make change happen for black and minority ethnic disabled people. EQUALITIES aimed to increase the local voice of black and minority ethnic disabled people and carers. International Somali Community Trust employed direct advocacy and set up a user forum for Somali-speaking disabled people. People in Action supported ROOOTS, six African Caribbean people with learning difficulties, to deliver training to local service providers. Tassibee trained Pakistani Muslim women with experience of mental health difficulties to run self-help groups.

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