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Journal article

On the notions of disability and handicap

Author:
NORDENFELT L.
Journal article citation:
Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, 2(1), January 1993, pp.17-24.
Publisher:
Munksgaard/ Blackwell

In 1980, the World Health Organisation (WHO) published the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps. In addition to a nomenclature and classification, this publication contains a set of elaborate definitions of the central concepts in the area. The conceptual structure has been the focus of intensive critical discussion during the last decade. In 1989, a special society, the Canadian Society for the ICIDH, presented an alternative characterization of the concepts. This article attempts to continue this discussion by deepening the analysis concerning, in particular, two aspects of disability and handicap: first, the idea of normality contained in the WHO classification; second, the idea of context dependence, which is a special focus of the Canadian group. As a result of this discussion, the author presents an alternative set of definitions of the notions of disability and handicap.

Book

Employment policies for disabled people: a review of legislation and services in fifteen countries

Authors:
LUNT Neil, THORNTON Patricia
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department of Employment
Publication year:
1993
Pagination:
222p.,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Contains detailed accounts of the current situation in all countries looked at, and in depth reports on France, Germany and the United States.

Journal article

Disability pension among immigrants in Sweden

Authors:
OSTERBERG Torun, GUSTAFSSON Bjorn
Journal article citation:
Social Science and Medicine, 63(3), August 2006, pp.805-816.
Publisher:
Elsevier

Using large samples, disability pensions among foreign-born and native-born women and men living in Sweden is studied here for the period 1981–1999. The results show foreign-born individuals having higher rates of disability pension. The risk of being on disability pension is very low for newly arrived immigrants, but increases rapidly on a yearly basis after immigration. Higher rates of disability pension are reported for persons born in Greece, Yugoslavia, Turkey and Finland. Results from multivariate analysis indicate that factors such as education, country of residence and marital status cannot fully explain the high rates of disability pension observed among many immigrant groups. Future research needs to address which possible causes are most important for policies to address.

Journal article

Virtual networks for language therapy - experiences

Authors:
MAGNUSSON Magnus, CHRISTENSEN Marianne
Journal article citation:
New Technology in the Human Services, 12(1/2), 1999, pp.47-51.
Publisher:
Centre for Human Service Technology

Describes how groups of speech pathologists all over Sweden have worked together to build networks for professional co-operation. Today, about 20 systems are permanently installed and two of the schools for therapists in Sweden are involved giving courses the ISDN network. Patients as receivers of therapy on a more general level have also been involved. Participants in the projects have tried several different applications, including sharing standard programs over the network at the same time as they participate in a videoconference. The projects are based on research work on language training using videotelephony at the University of Karlstad.

Journal article

Is disability pension related to quality of life?

Authors:
EDEN L, et al
Journal article citation:
Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, 7(4), October 1998, pp.300-309.
Publisher:
Munksgaard/ Blackwell

The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life among early retired pensioners granted a disability pension de to musculoskeletal disorders in Sweden.

Book

Curing the Dutch disease: an international perspective on disability policy reform

Editors:
AARTS Leo J.M., BURKHAUSER Richard V., DE JONG Philip R.
Publisher:
Avebury
Publication year:
1996
Pagination:
183p.,tables,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Aldershot

Comparative study evaluating Dutch disability policies from the 1970s onwards. Experts from Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States go on to use the evaluation framework to compare policies in their own countries.

Journal article

The residential home - what difference does it make? Comparing the public systems of care for the elderly and disabled in two Swedish municipalities

Author:
LAGERGREN M.
Journal article citation:
Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, 2(1), January 1993, pp.25-32.
Publisher:
Munksgaard/ Blackwell

Two municipalities in Sweden - Solna and Sigtuna - have taken part in a project (the ASIM project) aimed at developing a system for monitoring and analysing the public system of long-term care and assistance for elderly and disabled people. The two municipalities have chosen different alternatives in the question of residential homes. In Solna they have been retained and in Sigtuna they have been converted into sheltered housing. By separating the clients into different classes of dependence using the ASIM assessment, it is shown that in Solna, compared with Sigtuna, fewer of the most dependent clients are in long-term hospital care and fewer of the high-medium category are in domiciliary care. The data were used to calculate the distribution of clients and the average dependence on the different levels of care if Solna were to apply the care pattern of Sigtuna and vice versa.

Journal article

Associations of motor co-ordination and attention with motor-perceptual development in 3-year-old preterm and full-term children who needed neonatal intensive care

Authors:
HEMGREN E., PERSSON K.
Journal article citation:
Child: Care, Health and Development, 33(1), January 2007, pp.11-21.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Children who have needed neonatal intensive care (NIC) are considered to be at risk for deficits such as developmental co-ordination disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. By assessing motor-perceptual development, motor co-ordination and attention already at 3 years of age, it might be possible to identify such deficits earlier than they are today. The aim was to investigate the motor-perceptual development in a group of 202 NIC children but had no major impairments, to describe associations of deficits in co-ordination and attention with motor-perceptual delays, and to estimate the prevalence of NIC children with combined deficits together with a motor-perceptual delay. Co-ordination and attention in children born very preterm (n = 57), moderately preterm (n = 75) and full-term (n = 70) were observed according to a model for Combined Assessment of Motor Performance and Behaviour while they were assessed using a developmental scale, Motor-Perceptual Development, 0–7 years, MPU. In two out of 14 MPU areas, a larger proportion of very preterm than of moderately preterm and full-term children had marked developmental delay. Overall, the proportion of NIC children having a motor-perceptual delay increased with increasing incoordination and especially increasing lack of attention. Twenty-one (11%) of the NIC children had different motor-perceptual delays combined with pronounced incoordination and pronounced lack of attention. Deficits in co-ordination and attention were associated with motor-perceptual delays in areas important for daily living and development of academic skills. Therefore, to find children at risk for developmental co-ordination disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, assessments of co-ordination and attention should be added to assessments of motor-perceptual development in 3-year-old NIC children.

Journal article

Disability as a phenomenon: a discourse of social and biological understanding

Author:
HEDLUND Marianne
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 15(5), August 2000, pp.765-780.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

This Swedish article addresses conceptualisations of disability and what it constitutes as a category in a social security system. It argues that the conceptualisation of disability involves a discourse about definitions, and discusses which domains of interest are produced by each of these understandings. The article argues that, rather than approaching the biological understanding as representing an antiquated concept to disability and the social model as a modern conceptualisation, these understandings are competitive. This makes disability into a flexible and heterogeneous concept, a term difficult to give a specified and limited meaning.

Journal article

The bumpy road to womanhood

Author:
BARRON Karin
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 12(2), April 1997, pp.223-239.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

Discusses the results of a qualitative study dealing with societal constraints with regard to womanhood for physically disabled women in Sweden. Findings show that young women are subjected to stereotyped views on what having an impairment involves and have to deal with certain normative criteria of what constitutes womanhood. Despite rejecting the traditional subservient role of 'the disabled' and of women generally, the young women yearn for the pursuing of tasks, such as the caring for children and the home, closely liked to the traditional role of (non-disabled) women. It is argued that this can be understood as a means of counterbalancing an early acquired role of the passive recipient. Alongside a positive identification with the group of 'the disabled', the interviewees strive towards being seen as something other than disabled, i.e. as women.

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