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Book

Employment policies for disabled people: a review of legislation and services in fifteen countries

Authors:
LUNT Neil, THORNTON Patricia
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department of Employment
Publication year:
1993
Pagination:
222p.,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Contains detailed accounts of the current situation in all countries looked at, and in depth reports on France, Germany and the United States.

Book

Support network on disability: a resource guide to disability groups and organisations

Author:
ARAMAYO Manuel
Publisher:
Manchester Metropolitan University. Interpersonal and Organisational Development Research Group
Publication year:
2000
Pagination:
98p.
Place of publication:
Manchester

Directory and resource guide to disability groups and organisations arranged alphabetically by disability.

Book

Sheltered employment in five member states of the Council of Europe: Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland

Authors:
SAMOY Erik, WATERPLAS Lina
Publisher:
Council of Europe
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
67p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Strasbourg

Comparative study looking at the situation of sheltered employment in the twelve Member States of the European Union. The data for each country is grouped under the following headings: institutional context; target population; access to sheltered employment; characteristics of the people in sheltered employment; and a discussion of the topics currently under debate around sheltered employment in each country.

Journal article

Cross-cultural validation of the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) in Spain

Authors:
LONGO E., et al
Journal article citation:
Child: Care, Health and Development, 40(2), 2014, pp.231-241.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Background: Despite growing interest in the topic of participation, the construct has not yet been assessed in children and adolescents with and without cerebral palsy (CP) in Spain. As there are no available instruments to measure participation in leisure activities which have been adapted in this country, the goal of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE). Method: The sample comprised 199 children and adolescents with CP and 199 without CP, between 8 and 18 years of age, from seven regions in Spain. The adaptation of the original version of CAPE was carried out through translation and backward translation, and the validity of the instrument was analysed. Construct validity was assessed through the correlation of the diverse CAPE domains and the quality of life domains (KIDSCREEN questionnaire). Discriminant validity was established by comparing children and adolescents with CP and typically developing children and adolescents. For test–retest reliability, the children and adolescents with and without CP completed the CAPE questionnaire twice within 4 weeks. Results: The correlations found between the CAPE domains and the quality of life domains show that the CAPE presents construct validity. The CAPE discriminated children and adolescents with CP from those without any disability in the results of participation. According to most CAPE domains, typically developing children and adolescents engage in a greater number of activities than children and adolescents with CP. Test–retest reliability for the Spanish version of CAPE was adequate. Conclusion: The study provides a valid instrument to assess the participation of children and adolescents with and without CP who live in Spain. (Publisher abstract)

Book Full text available online for free

Dignity and older Europeans: final report of focus groups of Spanish professionals

Author:
BLASCO Sergio Arino
Publisher:
Dignity and Older Europeans Consortium
Publication year:
2004
Pagination:
76p.
Place of publication:
Cardiff

The right to, and the need for dignity is frequently cited in policy documents relating to the health and social care of older people. It is also expressed as an important value in professional codes and declarations of human rights. Yet concerns about the standards of care for a growing number of older people abound despite global ageing being a well-recognised Dignity and Older Europeans is an international research project which brings together a range of academics, clinicians, and user groups to explore the concept of dignity in the lives of Older Europeans. The project spanned 3 years until December 2004 and involved 8 partners from 6 European countries including Spain.

Journal article

Targets and dimensions of social comparison among people with spinal cord injury and other health problems

Authors:
BUUNK Abraham P., et al
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Health Psychology, 11(4), November 2006, pp.677-693.
Publisher:
British Psychological Society

The present research examined comparison targets and comparison dimensions among two Spanish samples of individuals facing serious illnesses and diseases. In Study 1, 90 older patients (mean age 66.36) with various age-related diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, indicated that they compared themselves most often with others with the same disease, next with others with another disease and least with people without health problems. They compared themselves more often on their mental state, symptoms and physical activities than on their social activities. Social comparison orientation (SCO) as an individual difference characteristic was associated with more frequent comparisons with particularly similar targets, and with more frequent comparisons of one's symptoms and physical activities. Neuroticism was correlated only with more comparisons of one's symptoms. Study 2 was conducted in a sample of 70 relatively young patients (mean age 43.97) with spinal cord injury (SCI). Overall, they compared themselves more often with others than the participants in Study 1, and they compared themselves to a similar extent with people with SCI as with people with another disease and with people without health problems. While they felt on average better off than people with other diseases and other people with SCI, people with SCI felt on average worse off than people without health problems. They compared themselves more often on physical activities than on any other dimension. Higher levels of stress and uncertainty were associated with more frequent comparisons with people without SCI, and with more frequent comparisons of one's mental state, one's symptoms and one's future perspectives. The discussion focuses on the theoretical relevance of the results for social comparison theory, and on the practical relevance of the findings for interventions.

Journal article

The current situation of supported employment in Spain: analysis and perspectives based on the perception of professionals

Authors:
PALLISERA M., VILA M., VALLS M. Josep
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 18(6), October 2003, pp.797-810.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

At present, supported employment is emerging in Spain. It must be recognised that these programmes are more effective than the traditional sheltered structures, in accounting for the number of placements achieved in the mainstream employment market. Despite this fact, recent developments arising from social welfare policies do not encourage the consolidation of supported employment. This article briefly traces the evolution of employment integration of disabled people in Spain, and gives the results of research on professional workers in supported employment programmes. This data enables us to consider proposals to extend the experience of supported employment, thereby improving the employment situation of people with disabilities in our society.

Book

Higher education and disabilities: international approaches

Editor:
HURST Alan
Publisher:
Ashgate
Publication year:
1998
Pagination:
245p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Aldershot

Contains papers on: disability services in Australian universities; the impact of the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 on tertiary education in Australia; supporting students with disabilities in Belgium; policy and provision of support services in Canadian universities; Canadian universities and the status of disabled people; students with disabilities in higher education in Finland; students with disabilities in German higher education; disabled university students in Greece; disabled students and higher education in Ireland; including students with disabilities in higher education in Lithuania; students with disabilities in the Netherlands; supporting students with disabilities in the Slovak Republic; students with disabilities in higher education in Spain; disability awareness raising and training in higher education in the United Kingdom; higher education and disability in the USA; service students with disabilities in higher education in the USA; and students with disabilities and international exchanges.

Journal article

Getting to know reality and breaking stereotypes: the experience of two generations of working disabled women

Author:
LOPEZ GONZALEZ Maria
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 24(4), June 2009, pp.447-459.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

This paper sets out the results of a Spanish study of the experience and meaning of work among disabled women of two generations, with three types of disability (physical, visual and hearing). Performing a socially recognised activity such as a job is a source of emotional welfare and self-esteem. Moreover, it confers a certain social status. For the participants in this study the kind of work involved, whether productive, paid and 'extra-domestic' or 'reproductive', unpaid and done at home, acquires different meanings, since for disabled women, sexist stereotypes - already more or less accentuated in the culture - social attitudes towards disability and personal factors introduce relevant differences, while leading to conflicts and dilemmas that these women have to solve. At any rate, their sense of responsibility in performing all types of work should be emphasised as evidence of their sense of independence and personal competence, forming a keystone in their construction of a sense of identity and social integration.

Book

Disability policies in European countries

Authors:
OORSCHOT Wim van, HVINDEN Bjorn
Publisher:
Kluwer Law International
Publication year:
2001
Pagination:
128p.
Place of publication:
The Hague

This book examines the possible convergence in disability policies in Europe. It points out that assessment of claims for disability benefits are often complex and rely on input from interdisciplinary groups. It argues that in the disability area there rarely a simple relationship between cash and care. The policies of Spain, The Netherlands, Great Britain, Denmark and Ireland are examined.

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