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Journal article

Disability pensions granted from 1988 to 1990 in two municipalities in Norway: the importance of occupational status

Author:
BERG J.E.
Journal article citation:
Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, 3(1), January 1994, pp.14-18.
Publisher:
Munksgaard/ Blackwell
Journal article

Motor coordination difficulties in 5–6 year old children with severe behavioural and emotional problems

Authors:
IVERSEN Synnove, et al
Journal article citation:
Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 11(3), September 2006, pp.169-185.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis

Incidence, severity and types of motor difficulties in children with severe behavioural and emotional problems were evaluated. A group of 6 year olds (n = 29) with such problems and controls (n = 29) were compared on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC). The groups were compared on total scores as well as manual dexterity, ball skills and balance. Individual MABC profiles were compared with Teacher's Report Form profiles. It was found that 62.1% in the high‐risk group and 20.7% in the control group showed motor coordination difficulties. In the high‐risk group 55.2% fulfilled the criteria of the DSM‐IV for developmental coordination disorder, compared to 3.4% controls. The high risk group showed significant difficulties within all sub areas of the M ABC. There was a significant relationship between attention problems and manual dexterity difficulties. The combination of problems identified makes these children vulnerable with regard to school inclusion and in need of proper assessment and intervention.

Journal article

Lost in the system world - traffic accident victims' personal experience of system actors

Author:
LUNDALV Jorgen
Journal article citation:
Nordisk Sosialt Arbeid, 19(3), 1999, pp.166-173.
Publisher:
Universitetsforlaget AS

Discusses how contacts with the system world have been problematic for people who have suffered injuries in traffic in Finland.

Book

Sheltered employment in five member states of the Council of Europe: Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland

Authors:
SAMOY Erik, WATERPLAS Lina
Publisher:
Council of Europe
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
67p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Strasbourg

Comparative study looking at the situation of sheltered employment in the twelve Member States of the European Union. The data for each country is grouped under the following headings: institutional context; target population; access to sheltered employment; characteristics of the people in sheltered employment; and a discussion of the topics currently under debate around sheltered employment in each country.

Journal article

Factors associated with the amount of public home care received by elderly and intellectually disabled individuals in a large Norwegian municipality

Authors:
DOHL Oystein, et al
Journal article citation:
Health and Social Care in the Community, 24(3), 2016, pp.297-308.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

This study reports an analysis of factors associated with home care use in a setting in which long-term care services are provided within a publicly financed welfare system. The study considered two groups of home care recipients: elderly individuals and intellectually disabled individuals. Routinely collected data on users of public home care in the municipality of Trondheim in October 2012, including 2493 people aged 67 years or older and 270 intellectually disabled people, were used. Multivariate regression analysis was used to analyse the relationship between the time spent in direct contact with recipients by public healthcare personnel and perceived individual determinants of home care use (i.e. physical disability, cognitive impairment, diagnoses, age and gender, as well as socioeconomic characteristics). Physical disability and cognitive impairment are routinely registered for long-term care users through a standardised instrument that is used in all Norwegian municipalities. Factor analysis was used to aggregate the individual items into composite variables that were included as need variables. Both physical disability and cognitive impairment were strong predictors of the amount of received care for both elderly and intellectually disabled individuals. The study identified a negative interaction effect between physical disability and cognitive impairment for elderly home care users. For elderly individuals, results also found significant positive associations between weekly hours of home care and having comorbidity, living alone, living in a service flat and having a safety alarm. The reduction in the amount of care for elderly individuals living with a cohabitant was substantially greater for males than for females. For intellectually disabled individuals, receiving services involuntarily due to severe behavioural problems was a strong predictor of the amount of care received. The analysis showed that routinely collected data capture important predictors of home care use and thus facilitate both short-term budgeting and long-term planning of home care services. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Personal assistance: direct payments or alternative public service: does it matter for the promotion of user control?

Author:
ASKHEIM Ole Petter
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 20(3), May 2005, pp.247-260.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

Personal assistance organised as direct payments is seen as an important means for securing user control and freeing disabled people from their reliance on welfare professionals and unpaid carers. The hypothesis put forward in the article is that just looking at whether personal assistance is organised as direct payments or as an alternative service represents an overly restricted approach to judge how the user’s preferences are taken care of. By comparing models of personal assistance in the US, the UK, Sweden and Norway it will show that several other factors influence user control. In the final part of the article the question is raised as to whether paternalism is always negative for welfare service users. Since the users constitute a broad group it might be questioned if the assumption of the service users as rational, well informed and competent to make the best choices is always valid.

Journal article

Is sexual abuse of children with disabilities disclosed? A retrospective analysis of child disability and the likelihood of sexual abuse among those attending Norwegian hospitals

Author:
KVAM Marit Hoem
Journal article citation:
Child Abuse and Neglect, 24(8), August 2000, pp.1073-1084.
Publisher:
Elsevier

According to North American studies disabled children are at 2-3 times greater risk of being sexually abused than non-disabled. If the risk ratio for disabled children in Norway is similar, and the disclosure of sexual abuse is the same for disabled as for non-disabled, one should expect disabled children to constitute 2-3 times the 11% they constitute in the general populations. This research aimed to investigate if this is the case for Norwegian children, and to find characteristics within in the handicapped group suspected of being sexually assaulted. Children with disabilities make up a smaller part of children coming to paediatric hospitals with the suspicion of being sexually abused than expected. The results indicate that when a child has a severe disability, the caretakers do not seem to recognise it as sexual abuse before it is quite obvious.

Journal article

Personal assistance for disabled people - the Norwegian experience

Author:
ASHKEIM O.P.
Journal article citation:
International Journal of Social Welfare, 8(2), April 1999, pp.111-119.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

This article presents data from a survey of disabled people in Norway who receive personal assistance in the municipalities that have granted subsidies from the State. It concentrates on: who are the user of personal assistance; what distinguishes them from other disabled people; what dimensions has personal assistance as a service; how has it influenced the total service to the recipients and how is this composed; how do the users value their service; and to what extent does it seem to fulfil the aims of self-dependence and sovereignty for the users. Concludes that personal assistance seems to be a suitable instrument to reach the goals of full participation and equality of status for disabled people in Norwegian society.

Journal article

Day care and the integration of disabled children in Norway

Author:
ERIKSEN John
Journal article citation:
Family Matters, 39, December 1994, pp.20-25.
Publisher:
Australian Institute of Family Studies

More than 40 per cent of all children in Norway under seven years of age participate in formal day care. The Norwegian Child Day Care Centre Act 1975 has ensured that it is a priority right of disabled children to have a place in mainstream care, and it applies to a wide range of disabilities including physical, intellectual, learning and behavioural. Discusses how the Norwegian day care system has allowed for the inclusion of disabled children.

Journal article

Managing turning points and transitions in childhood and parenthood - insights from families with disabled children in Norway

Authors:
YTTERHUS Borgunn, WENDELBORG Christian, LUNDEBY Hege
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 23(6), October 2008, pp.625-636.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

This article explores turning points and transitions emerging in the life course of children with disabilities and their parents.  The article is based on longitudinal data from two parallel studies in Norway.  Through in-depth interviews with parents the study found that a change appears in disabled children's social participation and belonging, at approximately eight years of age for children with learning difficulties and at approximately ten years of age for children with mobility difficulties. Most of the parents experienced a 'turning point' that directed them into either marginal or inclusive positions in adulthood. The 'transition' emerges at a time described as a stable period of life for families in general and illustrates parents' experiences of the importance of both 'doing' and 'being' in parenthood and childhood. Parents' experiences are strongly interwoven with the child's life and access or lack of access to services and relational responses.

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