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Book

Employment policies for disabled people: a review of legislation and services in fifteen countries

Authors:
LUNT Neil, THORNTON Patricia
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department of Employment
Publication year:
1993
Pagination:
222p.,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Contains detailed accounts of the current situation in all countries looked at, and in depth reports on France, Germany and the United States.

Journal article

Age and disability: explaining the wage differential

Authors:
GANNON Brendon, MUNLEY Margaret
Journal article citation:
Social Science and Medicine, 69(1), July 2009, pp.47-55.
Publisher:
Elsevier

This paper estimates the level of explained and unexplained factors that contribute to the wage gap between workers with and without disabilities, providing benchmark estimates for Ireland. It separates out the confounding impact of productivity differences between disabled and non-disabled, by comparing wage differentials across three groups, disabled with limitations, disabled without limitations and non-disabled. Furthermore, data are analysed for the years 1995–2001 and two sub-samples pre and post 1998 allow us to decompose wage differentials before and after the Employment Equality Act 1998. Results are comparable to those of the UK and the unexplained component (upper bound of discrimination) is lower once we control for productivity differences. The lower bound level depends on the contribution of unobserved effects and the validity of the selection component in the decomposition model.

Book

Sheltered employment in five member states of the Council of Europe: Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland

Authors:
SAMOY Erik, WATERPLAS Lina
Publisher:
Council of Europe
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
67p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Strasbourg

Comparative study looking at the situation of sheltered employment in the twelve Member States of the European Union. The data for each country is grouped under the following headings: institutional context; target population; access to sheltered employment; characteristics of the people in sheltered employment; and a discussion of the topics currently under debate around sheltered employment in each country.

Journal article

“Kids like me, we go lightly on the head”: experiences of children with a visual impairment on the physical self-concept

Authors:
DE SCHIPPER Tessa, LIEBERMAN Lauren J., MOODY Brigitte
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Visual Impairment, 35(1), 2017, pp.55-68.
Publisher:
Sage

There has been limited research published investigating the experiences of the children with a visual impairment in physical activity and sports. The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of children with a visual impairment on their physical self-concept (PSC). A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was employed to investigate the experiences of children with a visual impairment. Qualitative interviews were conducted with six children between 10 and 12 years, followed by a thematic content analysis. Within the framework of the PSC, four themes emerged: (1) adaptations, (2) friends, (3) bullying, and (4) eyes and glasses. Findings suggest that children with a visual impairment despite the occurrence of bullying or lack of adaptations in sports of physical activity are satisfied with their physical self and global self-esteem. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

CASP-19 special section: how does chronic disease status affect CASP quality of life at older ages? examining the WHO ICF disability domains as mediators of this relationship

Authors:
SEXTON E., et al
Journal article citation:
Aging and Mental Health, 19(7), 2015, pp.622-633.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis

Objectives: The effect of chronic disease status on quality of life (QoL) has been well established. However, less is known about how chronic diseases affect QoL. This article examines impairment in three domains of the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Health and Disability (ICF) – body function, activity and participation, as well as affective well-being, – as potential mediators of the relationship between chronic disease and QoL. Method: A cross-sectional sample (n = 4961) of the general Irish community-dwelling population aged 50+ years was obtained from the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing (TILDA). The CASP measure of QoL was examined as two dimensions – control/autonomy and self-realisation/pleasure. Structural equation modelling was used to test the direct and indirect effects of chronic disease on QoL, via variables capturing body function, activity, participation and positive affect. Results: A factor analysis showed that indicators of body function and activity loaded onto a single overall physical impairment factor. This physical impairment factor fully mediated the effect of chronic disease on positive affect and QoL. The total effect of chronic disease on control/autonomy (−0.160) was primarily composed of an indirect effect via physical impairment (−0.86), and via physical impairment and positive affect (−0.45). The decomposition of effects on self-realisation/pleasure was similar, although the direct effect of physical impairment was weaker. The model fitted the data well (RMSEA = 0.02, TLI = 0.96, CFI = 0.96). Conclusion: Chronic disease affects QoL through increased deficits in physical body function and activity. This overall physical impairment affects QoL both directly and indirectly via reduced positive affect. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

The CLAP Group: a group for children with cleft lip and palate

Author:
O'DRISCOLL Pádraig
Journal article citation:
Groupwork, 21(2), 2011, pp.22-34.
Publisher:
Whiting and Birch

This article describes the rationale and implementation of a closed group of pre-adolescent children with a cleft lip and palate facial disfigurement (CLAP). The aim of the group was to expose the children to other children with similar facial disfigurement and to create a forum of understanding and self-help. A solution-focused child-centred approach aimed to educate the children to handle issues of self-esteem and bullying. The article underlines the importance of meticulous preparation, going through various steps of planning for the group including need, purpose, composition, structure and context. Weekly sessions were led by 2 facilitators and incorporated games, art, role playing and drama. The article examines the implications for leadership and group facilitation in the context of values for empowering practice for children and facilitators. The potential limitations of the group are also discussed in detail.

Journal article

Exploring occupational adaptation through the lives of women with multiple sclerosis

Authors:
CAHILL Mairead, CONNOLLY Deirdre, STAPLETON Tadhg
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(3), March 2010, pp.106-115.
Publisher:
College of Occupational Therapists

Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects people's physical capabilities and the lives of people with MS are constantly changing (Finlayson et al 2005), yet how people adapt to the disease from an occupational perspective has received little attention. This study explored the occupational adaptation of women with MS. Seven women with MS were recruited from the Multiple Sclerosis Society of Ireland. Each participant completed the Modified Interest Checklist (Kielhofner and Neville 1983), the Role Checklist (Oakley et al 1985) and the Occupational Questionnaire (Smith et al 1986). Qualitative data were also collected, using the Occupational Performance History Interview - II (Kielhofner et al 2004). Three main themes emerged: the impact of MS on (i) performance capacity, (ii) roles and (iii) interests. The participants adapted by performing interests and roles differently and developing new meaningful interests and roles that were congruent with their performance capacity. The findings highlight the importance of having an understanding of the impact of different types of MS on the occupational adaptation process. A greater understanding will facilitate occupational therapists in enabling people with MS to adapt to their condition by engaging in meaningful occupations throughout the lifespan.

Journal article

Use of standardised assessments and outcome measures among a sample of Irish occupational therapists working with adults with physical disabilities

Authors:
STAPLETON Tadhg, MCBREARTY Ciara
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72(2), February 2009, pp.55-64.
Publisher:
College of Occupational Therapists

This study was carried out to explore the current usage of standardised assessments and outcome measures by occupational therapists working with adults with physical disabilities. A survey research design, using a postal questionnaire specifically designed for the study, was employed. Completed questionnaires were returned by 109 occupational therapists working in a variety of settings, including acute care, community and inpatient rehabilitation. A range of standardised assessments and outcome measures was in use, with an average of four different measures being used by the individual respondents. The most commonly used measures were the Mini Mental State Examination (Folstein et al 1975), Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (Wilson et al 1985), Functional Independence Measure (Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation 1999), Barthel Index (Mahoney and Barthel 1965) and the Chessington Occupational Therapy Neurological Assessment Battery (Tyerman et al 1986). However, the consistency of use tended to be low. The barriers to a more consistent use of standardised assessments and outcome measures included time restraints, the unsuitability of the available measures and a lack of sensitivity of the available measures to capture the effectiveness of occupational therapy. The findings support those of previous studies exploring this issue among occupational therapists from different areas of practice. The respondents in this study highlighted the need for a multifaceted approach, encompassing educational, managerial and individual responsibility, to address the issue of the usage of standardised assessments and outcome measures among occupational therapists.

Journal article Full text available online for free

New citizenship by new ways of economic integration

Authors:
HERRMANN Peter, STEPHENSON Svetlana, GEOGHEGAN Martin
Journal article citation:
Social Work in Europe, 9(2), 2002, pp.23-36.
Publisher:
Russell House

Discusses the reasons behind the crisis of the state, the new forms of citizenship that are being constructed through new ways of economic integration and how this relates to the crisis. Examines the findings of research on projects working with people who are on the margins of accepted citizenship. The first project focuses on the activities of Russian non-government organisations working with vulnerable groups and the second looks at work with Travellers in Ireland. The author argues that NGOs may now be reaching their limits in expanding the experience of citizenship.

Book

Higher education and disabilities: international approaches

Editor:
HURST Alan
Publisher:
Ashgate
Publication year:
1998
Pagination:
245p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Aldershot

Contains papers on: disability services in Australian universities; the impact of the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 on tertiary education in Australia; supporting students with disabilities in Belgium; policy and provision of support services in Canadian universities; Canadian universities and the status of disabled people; students with disabilities in higher education in Finland; students with disabilities in German higher education; disabled university students in Greece; disabled students and higher education in Ireland; including students with disabilities in higher education in Lithuania; students with disabilities in the Netherlands; supporting students with disabilities in the Slovak Republic; students with disabilities in higher education in Spain; disability awareness raising and training in higher education in the United Kingdom; higher education and disability in the USA; service students with disabilities in higher education in the USA; and students with disabilities and international exchanges.

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