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Journal article

A conceptual framework of the multi-dimensional model of the quality of life in later life

Author:
PARK Seung-Min
Journal article citation:
Social and Public Policy Review, 7(2), 2013, pp.1-22.
Publisher:
University of Plymouth
Place of publication:
Plymouth

There is a plethora of empirical research on the quality of life in later life as global population ageing accelerates. However, some previous research on this subject may have used the concept vaguely or even incorrectly. As a result, this paper aims to conceptually build a framework on the quality of life in later life hereinafter called ‘the multi-dimensional model of the quality of life in later life’. This ultidimensional model consists not only of objective quality of life, including standard of living, social activity, and objective health status, but also subjective quality of life, including life satisfaction, happiness, and subjective health status. To promote further empirical research using the model, this paper suggests a conceptual structural equation model based on previous empirical studies on the significant associations amongst those dimensions. (Publisher abstract)

Book Full text available online for free

Evaluation of the extra care housing initiative: PSSRU technical report

Authors:
DARTON Robin, et al
Publisher:
Housing Learning and Improvement Network; Personal Social Services Research Unit
Publication year:
2011
Pagination:
71p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

The Extra Care Housing Fund was established in 2003 by the Department of Health to develop innovative housing with care options to meet the housing, care and support needs of older people, while helping them to maintain independence in their own accommodation. The objective of this study was to evaluate new build schemes for older people which received capital funding from the Extra Care Housing Fund from 2004 to 2006. 19 schemes which opened between April 2006 and November 2008 in England were included. The evaluation examined the development of the schemes from their implementation and followed residents' experiences and health over time, also collecting evidence about the process and impact of new approaches to providing accommodation and care for older people. Information was gathered from residents and staff at each scheme, with follow-up surveys of all residents, and from the local authorities concerned and the housing associations managing the schemes. This technical report describes the data collection, including fieldwork procedures and data collection issues, and also covers data preparation and response.

Book

Understanding care homes: a research and development perspective

Editors:
FROGGATT Katherine, DAVIES Sue, MEYER Julienne, (eds.)
Publisher:
Jessica Kingsley
Publication year:
2009
Pagination:
272p.
Place of publication:
London

Understanding Care Homes draws together a range of research and development initiatives that emphasise the importance of partnership working, and of enabling older people and their families to maintain the highest quality of life. The book is divided into three sections, each investigating how research and development can be undertaken to provide better care for the individual resident and their family, to enhance care at the organisational level and to develop the care home's relationships within the wider community. By addressing the concerns of residents and their families as well as those of carers and home managers, this book identifies how the generation of new knowledge through research can bring about real changes in care provision.

Book Full text available online for free

Measuring material deprivation among older people: methodological study to revise the family resources survey questions

Author:
McKAY Stephen
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department for Work and Pensions
Publication year:
2008
Pagination:
60p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

The objective of this project was to better understand how to measure material deprivation amongst older people in surveys. The report details findings from new quantitative work using omnibus questions on what are regarded as necessary items for older people, as well as new cognitive testing work, conducted by the National Centre for Social Research, to better understand how to ask older people about material deprivation. The report makes recommendations on the implementation of the new question block on the Family Resources Survey (FRS). Readers are recommended to also consult DWP Working paper 55, Cognitive testing: older people and the FRS material deprivation questions (released at the same time), undertaken by the National Centre for Social Research, which provides greater detail on the cognitive testing study

Journal article

Evidence-based interventions with older adults: concluding thoughts

Authors:
KROPF Nancy P., CUMMINGS Sherry M.
Journal article citation:
Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 50(S1), 2008, pp.345-355.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

This paper summarises the findings of the systematic reviews of psychosocial interventions reported in this issue of the journal, identifying effective intervention approaches for physical health problems, mental health problems and particular social roles (end of life care, family carers, grandparent carers, people with developmental disabilities and their carers). Problems with psychosocial intervention research are noted, including the small size and methodological weakness of many studies, a failure to report the details of an intervention and its implementation, and lack of consensus over which outcomes should be measured. Future research studies need to be larger, more robustly designed and with long term follow-up. They also need to cover more diverse populations (e.g. ethnic minority groups) and more diverse topics in addition to the problems of functional decline. (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street,  Binghamton, NY 13904-1580).

Journal article Full text available online for free

BSG Guidelines on ethical research with human participants

Author:
PEACE Shelia
Journal article citation:
Generations Review, 18(2), April 2008, Online only
Publisher:
British Society of Gerontology

Researching later life engages us with people living in all situations including some who are involved in health, housing and social care. Regardless of whether they are receiving or providing services or have some other interest, inviting them to participate in research is a serious matter. Research participants should be approached only after giving careful consideration to what it is they will be asked  to do. They may be seen as research participants or co-producers of research. This article presents guidelines relating to ethical research practice.

Journal article

Predicting the onset of major depressive disorder and dysthymia in older adults with subthreshold depression: a community based study

Authors:
CUIJPERS Pim, et al
Journal article citation:
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(9), September 2006, pp.811-818.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

It is well-established that the incidence of major depressive disorder is increased in subjects with subthreshold depression. A new research area focuses on the possibilities of preventing the onset of major depressive disorders in subjects with subthreshold depression. An important research question for this research area is which subjects with subthreshold depression will develop a full-blown depressive disorder and which will not. We selected 154 older subjects with subthreshold depression (CES-D > 16) but no DSM mood disorder from a longitudinal study among a large population based cohort aged between 55 and 85 years in The Netherlands. Of these subjects, 31 (20.1%) developed a mood disorder (major depression and/or dysthymia) at three-year or six-year follow-up. We examined risk factors and individual symptoms of mood disorder as predictors of onset of mood disorder. Two variables were found to be significant predictors in both bivariate and multivariate analyses: eating problems and sleep problems. The incidence of mood disorders differed strongly for different subpopulations, varying from 9% (for those not having any of the two risk factors) to 57% (for those having both risk factors). It appears to be possible to predict to a certain degree whether a subject with subthreshold depression will develop a mood disorder during the following years.

Journal article

Feeding and dementia: a systematic literature review

Authors:
WATSON Roger, GREEN Sue M.
Journal article citation:
Journal of Advanced Nursing, 54(1), 2006, pp.86-93.
Publisher:
Blackwells Publishing

This review of 13 interventions from the USA, UK, Sweden and Belgium updates an earlier one published by the first author in 1993, which found little evidence on ways of alleviating feeding problems in people with dementia. Since then, more studies have been published but most are of relatively poor quality. Most examined the use of music, but there were no standardised interventions or outcomes across the studies and none reported the use of power analysis to decide on sample size. There were also problems in some studies with confounding variables. Further, more rigorous, research is needed although there are some promising lines of inquiry.

Book Full text available online for free

Older people and ageing research and development network: scoping study: final report

Authors:
PHILLIPS Judith, et al
Publisher:
University of Wales Swansea
Publication year:
2005
Pagination:
88p.
Place of publication:
Swansea

This Scoping Study, undertaken by an inter-disciplinary team from 3 Welsh Universities found widespread interest in, and enthusiasm for, a research-based network focussed upon Older People and Ageing in Wales. To demonstrate progress toward achieving this aim, the Report covers two main areas.  Part A is an overview of Research and Development Activity in Wales. Part B plans to develop an Older People and Ageing R&D Network in Wales.

Book Full text available online for free

Research and development network scoping study report for the Welsh Assembly Government: alzheimer's disease

Author:
WOODS Bob
Publisher:
University of Wales Bangor. Dementia Services Development Centre
Publication year:
2005
Pagination:
51p.
Place of publication:
Bangor

The conditions dementias and neurodegenerative disorders (including Alzheimer’s)’affect at least 47,000 people in Wales, a significant number of whom are of working age. Meeting their needs effectively continues to be one of the major challenges for health and social care services. This study has indicated that there is a strong basis for research in this area to continue to develop in Wales. Currently funded projects bring in external funds of over five million pounds, and over 200 publications with input from researchers in Wales have appeared in the scientific literature over the last five years. Current research covers the whole range from basic biochemical and genetic research to research on service delivery and policy. There is a wide geographical spread of the current research.

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