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Journal article Full text available online for free

Facing the challenges in the development of long-term care for older people in Europe in the context of an economic crisis

Authors:
DEUSDAD Blanca A., PACE Charles, ANTTONEN Anneli
Journal article citation:
Journal of Social Service Research, 42(2), 2016, pp.144-150.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

This article introduces the content of this special issue, which incorporates eight articles in which authors evaluate recent changes and developments in long term conditions (LTCs) for older people in European countries, most particularly from the perspective of restructuring taking place in the LTC for older people. The economic and state financial crises are the most important drivers behind widespread overall restructuring processes. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

The impact of ICT services on perceptions of the quality of life of older people

Authors:
DAMANT Jacqueline, et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Assistive Technologies, 7(1), 2013, pp.5-21.
Publisher:
Emerald

This article reports the results of the impact of the information and communication technology (ICT) platform and telecare services developed by the MonAMI consortium on the quality of life (QOL) of older people in three European communities. The technology consisted of alarms, home monitoring and control, reminder services and entertainment services. In a three-month trial, the MonAMI technology was installed in the homes of older people with various needs, in the cities of Stockholm, Sweden; Zaragoza, Spain; and Kosice, Slovakia. Evaluation criteria and instrumentation were developed to assess the effects of the services on users' perceived QOL in the domains of independence, physical health, psychological wellbeing, social networking, and physical environment. A total of 62 users, with a mean age of 79 years, participated in the trial. Results demonstrate that the MonAMI services had some positive, significant effects on users' QOL. For instance, users with a higher number of disabilities at baseline reported greater confidence in keeping intruders from entering their home compared to users with fewer disabilities. However, overall findings show that healthier, more independent users perceived more benefits from the services compared to users who report more health problems and are less independent. The paper highlights some of the methodological challenges of evaluating ICT-based care services in a community setting. Limitations of the research are identified as size of the sample group, which was the small, heterogeneous sample of users and the fact that they were observed over a short time span. (Edited publisher abstract)

Book Full text available online for free

Dignity and older Europeans: comparative analysis of data from older people's focus groups from all centres

Author:
TADD Win
Publisher:
Dignity and Older Europeans Consortium
Publication year:
2004
Pagination:
33p.
Place of publication:
Cardiff

The findings of focus groups of older people carried out in six countries to explore how older people view human dignity in their lives, and how factors such as age, social and economic aspects, and health and illness are compared.  The countries involved in the study were the UK, Ireland, Spain, Sweden, Slovakia and France.

Book Full text available online for free

Dignity and older Europeans: final report of focus groups of Slovakian professionals

Author:
KRAJCIK Stefan
Publisher:
Dignity and Older Europeans Consortium
Publication year:
2004
Pagination:
36p.
Place of publication:
Cardiff

Dignity and Older Europeans is an international research project which brings together a range of academics, clinicians, and user groups to explore the concept of dignity in the lives of Older Europeans.

Book Full text available online for free

Dignity and older Europeans: report of focus groups of young and middle-aged adults: partner 4: Slovak Medical University

Author:
KRAJCIK Stefan
Publisher:
Dignity and Older Europeans Consortium
Publication year:
2004
Pagination:
41p.
Place of publication:
Cardiff

The right to, and the need for dignity is frequently cited in policy documents relating to the health and social care of older people. It is also expressed as an important value in professional codes and declarations of human rights. Yet concerns about the standards of care for a growing number of older people abound despite global ageing being a well-recognised Dignity and Older Europeans is an international research project which brings together a range of academics, clinicians, and user groups to explore the concept of dignity in the lives of Older Europeans. This is the final report of focus groups of Irish older people.

Book Full text available online for free

Dignity and older Europeans: final report of focus groups of Slovakian older people

Author:
KRAJCIK Stefan
Publisher:
Dignity and Older Europeans Consortium
Publication year:
2004
Pagination:
28p.
Place of publication:
Cardiff

The right to, and the need for dignity is frequently cited in policy documents relating to the health and social care of older people. It is also expressed as an important value in professional codes and declarations of human rights. Yet concerns about the standards of care for a growing number of older people abound despite global ageing being a well-recognised Dignity and Older Europeans is an international research project which brings together a range of academics, clinicians, and user groups to explore the concept of dignity in the lives of Older Europeans. The project spanned 3 years until December 2004 and involved 8 partners from 6 European countries including UK, France, Ireland, Spain, Sweden and Slovakia. The project was co-ordinated by Dr Win Tadd, Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff.

Journal article

Dignity and older people

Authors:
ARINO-BLASCO Sergio, TADD Win, BOIX-FERRER Josep Antoni
Journal article citation:
Quality in Ageing, 6(1), June 2005, pp.30-36.
Publisher:
Pier Professional
Place of publication:
Brighton

This article deals with professionals' views concerning the importance of dignity for older people and how this can best be maintained. Overall, participants painted a negative picture of the lives of older people, although clear distinctions were drawn between fit and frail older people. Indignities associated with old age arose from ill health, dependency, vulnerability, frailty and loss of competence. It was considered that technological advances made older people seem left behind. However, many described working with this age group as an enjoyable experience. Professionals identified the following factors as essential to dignified care: promotion of autonomy and independence,; a person-centred and holistic approach; maintenance of identity and encouragement of involvement; participation and empowerment; effective communication and respect. Undignified care was associated with invisibility, de-personalisation, abuse, humiliation and narrow and mechanistic approaches to care.

Journal article

Dignity and older Europeans: methodology

Authors:
CALNAN Michael, TADD Win
Journal article citation:
Quality in Ageing, 6(1), June 2005, pp.10-16.
Publisher:
Pier Professional
Place of publication:
Brighton

Describes the methods used within the Dignity and Older Europeans (DOE) Project and in particular the approach involved in developing the bibliographical database, the philosophical methods used in creating the theoretical model of dignity, together with the empirical methods involved in data collection with older people, health and social care practitioners and the younger and middle-aged adults. The article attempts to provide the reasoning for the chosen methods and highlight some of the difficulties involved in carrying out comparative cross-cultural research.

Journal article

Dignity: the voice of older people

Authors:
BAYER Tony, TADD Win, KRAJCIK Stefan
Journal article citation:
Quality in Ageing, 6(1), June 2005, pp.22-29.
Publisher:
Pier Professional
Place of publication:
Brighton

Reports on the findings of 89 focus group and individual interviews, involving 391 people aged 61plus in six European countries. The study was carried out with the aim of exploring how older people view human dignity in their lives. It was seen as highly relevant and important concept, enhancing self-esteem, self-worth and wellbeing. Three major themes were identified: respect and recognition; participant and involvement; and dignity in care. The empirical data reflected the theoretical model of human dignity in that it considered the dignity of personal identity as of importance and relevance. In conclusion, the authors assert that for the dignity of older people to be enhanced, communication issues, privacy, personal identity and feelings of vulnerability need to be addressed.

Journal article

Dignity and older people: the voice of society

Authors:
STRATTON David, TADD Win
Journal article citation:
Quality in Ageing, 6(1), June 2005, pp.37-45.
Publisher:
Pier Professional
Place of publication:
Brighton

This article describes the findings of a focus group study designed to discover young and middle aged attitudes towards the subject of age and dignity. 89 focus groups were carried out with 505 participants aged between 13 and 59 years from the UK, Ireland, Spain, France, Slovakia and Sweden. The results confirmed that dignity was important to people of all ages but particularly to older people. Being treated as an individual was critical for the maintenance of dignity. In the participating countries older people were generally treated negatively and undervalued and seen as vulnerable, second-class citizens. Old age was seen as a time for physical and mental deterioration, poverty and dependency. Suggestions for enhancing dignity included greater public awareness about dignity for older people and existing care and support services. Health policies should also tackle ageism in service provision and the developments of standards in health and social care.

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