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Book

International perspectives on community care for older people

Editors:
SCHARF Thomas, WENGER G. Clare
Publisher:
Avebury
Publication year:
1995
Pagination:
243p.,tables,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Aldershot

Research study.

Book Full text available online for free

Long-term care quality assurance policies in European countries

Authors:
DANDI Roberto, et al
Publisher:
European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes
Publication year:
2012
Pagination:
89p.
Place of publication:
Brussels

This report present the findings and conclusions of research undertaken in the context of research projects carried out by a consortium of ENEPRI member institutes. This report is a contribution to Work Package 5 of the ANCIEN project, which focuses on the future of long-term care for the elderly in Europe. This report analyses the quality assurance policies for long-term care (LTC) in the following countries: Austria, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. First, it discusses quality assurance in LTC by analysing: the dimensions of quality, the policy frameworks for quality in LTC, the different levels of development of LTC quality policies at the international, national, organisational, and individual levels. Second, it describes the methodology for collecting and analysing data on quality policies in the selected countries. Finally, it discusses the results, identifying four clusters of countries based on quality policies and indicators for LTC. These clusters are compared to the clusters identified in Work Package 1 of the ANCIEN project. Policy recommendations are proposed.

Journal article

Old age identity in social welfare practice

Authors:
WILIŃSKA Monika, HENNING Cecilia
Journal article citation:
Qualitative Social Work, 10(3), September 2011, pp.346-363.
Publisher:
Sage

Social welfare for old age is based on the assumption that ageing results in dependency. However, research on old age identity and social welfare work is limited. This study investigated the process of old age identity construction within a setting of social welfare work with old people. It aimed to identify social welfare practices that construct and enforce certain old age identities. The data analysed in this article were part of a study of a non-governmental organisation, based in Poland. The method of analysis was inspired by nexus analysis, which analyses social actions through a historical and ethnographic perspective. The analysis focused on practices that produced, sustained and promoted particular old age identity, and findings indicated a complex process in which social welfare professionals create the identities of preferred clients. In conclusion, the authors suggest that social welfare practice is often geared toward imagined client identities that have little to do with real people.

Journal article

Social capital and self-rated health among older adults: a comparative analysis of Finland, Poland and Spain

Authors:
KOUTSOGEORGOU Eleni, et al
Journal article citation:
Ageing and Society, 35(3), 2015, pp.653-667.
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press

The aim of this paper is to investigate the association between structural and cognitive aspects of social capital and self-rated health among adults aged 50 or more, living in three countries: Finland, Poland and Spain. The study, which was based on data from the European Social Survey (2008/09), was a part of the EU research project COURAGE in Europe. More specifically the paper assesses the association between social capital indicators - informal social network and general trust - and good self-rated health through single-level and joint effects analyses. The results showed that Finland was a country of high social capital, in terms of both social networks and general trust, while Spain showed low levels of general trust and Poland low levels of informal social networks. As to the association between social capital and self-rated health, high levels of general trust and high networks were found to be associated with good health among all countries' respondents. Older persons living in partnerships, with higher education, higher levels of engagement in informal networks and general trust, were found to be more likely to show good self-rated health. The comparative analyses revealed different associations between social capital and health according to country. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Family carers' experiences using support services in Europe: empirical evidence from the EUROFAMCARE study

Authors:
LAMURA Giovanni, et al
Journal article citation:
Gerontologist, 48(6), December 2008, pp.752-771.
Publisher:
Gerontological Society of America

This article explores the experiences of family carers of older people in using support services in six European countries: Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Sweden, and the UK. Following a common protocol, data were collected from national samples of approximately 1,000 family carers per country and clustered into comparable subgroups to facilitate cross-national analysis. Carers' use of available support services is limited across Europe but is considerably higher in Germany, Sweden, and the UK than in Poland, Greece, and Italy. Service use is more prevalent among wives and carers with stronger support networks and less frequent among working daughters with high levels of burden, suggesting the need for a reconsideration of eligibility criteria and better targeting of service responses. Access to and use of services is characterized by a divide between carers in northwestern Europe, who experience few difficulties other than the older person's refusal to accept the support offered, and carers in southeastern Europe, where service affordability and poor transportation present remarkable barriers. Concerns regarding the timeliness and quality of support are common to all countries. European Union-wide efforts to improve carer support need to focus on improving the care system's ability to provide timely, high-quality care delivered by staff who treat the older person with dignity and respect, and to enhance cooperation between health professionals (in all countries), informal networks (especially in southeastern Europe), social services (particularly in Sweden and the UK), and voluntary organizations (in Germany and the UK).

Book

Minimum pensions and safety nets in old age: a comparative analysis

Authors:
EVANS Martin, FALKINGHAM Jane
Publisher:
London School of Economics. Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics an
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
58p.,tables,bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

Paper comparing the performance of public pensions in providing a minimum income in old age in six countries: Australia, Chile, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK. Uses hypothetical individual life histories to assess the impact of low pay, unemployment, part-time work, and absences from work to care for children on pension entitlement on reaching pensionable age in each country. The pensions from each national pension system are calculated according to their current rules for the whole duration of each hypothetical life history and the resulting pensions are evaluated using four relative standards.

Journal article

Elder abuse and neglect in Poland

Author:
HALICKA Malgorzata
Journal article citation:
Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 6(3/4), 1995, pp.157-169.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

Polish gerontological literature has not defined abuse and neglect with regard to elderly people. Presents an interpretation of neglect and abuse and reports on research conducted in Bialystok. Concludes that social services do not solve the problems of older people in Poland. The transition from a centrally managed economy to a market economy means that there is a need to form a new model of social services. Outlines key points for policies aimed at preventing and solving the problems of neglect.

Journal article

Gender, the State, and constructing the old as dependent: lessons from the economic transition in Poland

Authors:
CALASANTI Toni M., ZAJICEK Anna M.
Journal article citation:
Gerontologist, 37(4), August 1997, pp.452-461.
Publisher:
Gerontological Society of America

Critically examines the notion of the old as a "burden" to society, using a political economic and gender-sensitive approach to explore the impact of the economic transition in Poland on retirement. Poland is an especially useful case for analysing ways that divergent political economies shape the ageing experience of men and women, as differences between the two systems cannot be attributed to cultural variations. Finds that old-age dependence in Poland is not inevitable; it is not created in a uniform manner for men and women; and it is not passively accepted by the old. Further, by examining economic activities in general, we show that retired men and women have been and are critical to the viability of both economic systems, albeit in different ways.

Book

Key issues in cross-cultural psychology: selected papers from the Twelfth International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology held in Pamplona-Iruna, Navarra, Spain

Editors:
GRAD Hector, BLANCO Amalio, GEAORGAS James
Publisher:
Swets and Zeitlinger
Publication year:
1996
Pagination:
386p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Abingdon

Comparative study looking at a wide range of psychological issues worldwide. Contains papers divided into 6 sections: conceptual and methodological issues; consequences of acculturation; cognitive processes; values; social psychology; and personality, developmental psychology, and health psychology.

Book

Private markets in health and welfare: an international perspective

Editor:
JOHNSON Norman
Publisher:
Berg
Publication year:
1995
Pagination:
263p.,tables,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Oxford

Collection of papers examining the growing role of private markets in the provision and finance of health and social welfare services in the UK, Canada, France, Italy, Sweden, the United States, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia. Considers whether the principal beneficiaries have been the state, the consumers, or the commercial providers. Includes papers on domiciliary and residential services, housing, and a range of health services.

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