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Journal article

Socialist care professionals

Journal article citation:
Care Weekly, 3.2.94, 1994, p.15.

Looks at residential care services in Cuba.

Journal article

Social networks and depressive symptoms among elderly women and men in Havana, Cuba

SICOTTE Maryline, et al
Journal article citation:
Aging and Mental Health, 12(2), March 2008, pp.193-201.
Taylor and Francis

This study aimed to examine the main and the stress-buffering effects of social networks on depressive symptoms among elderly Cuban men and women living in La Havana. Information was gathered from a representative sample of the elderly population in Havana (n = 1905), as part of the SABE (Salud, Bienestary Enuejecimiento) study. Depressive symptoms were measured using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. The structure and function of social networks were studied. Gender-specific multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to test the main (independent of stressors) and the stress-buffering effects (in the presence of financial strain or disabilities) on depressive symptoms. Social ties were associated with a lower prevalence of depressive symptoms in women and men independently of the presence of stressors. Women who were or had been married, lived in an extended family, and enjoyed balanced exchanges with relatives and children reported low prevalence of depressive symptoms. Men were less likely to report depressive symptoms if they were currently married, and did not live alone. Social networks buffered the effect of financial strain on depression, but not in the event of disability. In Cuba, networks centred on children and extended family were associated with low frequency of depressive symptoms, ruling contrary to common findings in developed societies. These living arrangements have an important role in buffering the impact of financial strain on depressive symptoms.

Journal article

An exploratory study in social work with older persons in Cuba: implications for social work in the US

STRUG David L.
Journal article citation:
Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 43(2/3), 2004, pp.25-39.
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

Assuring a satisfactory quality of life for Cuba's large and fast growing older population is a national challenge. Social work plays an important part in addressing this challenge through its role in Cuba's National Programme for the Care of Older Persons. This article explores the role of social work in Cuba's programmes for the elderly and its implications for social work practice in the US. The information was obtained from 25 qualitative interviews with policy makers, social work practitioners, and community members in Havana, Cuba in 2003. The community oriented and interdisciplinary nature of Cuban social work with older persons distinguishes it from social work in the US and has implications for social work in the US. Despite the differences between Cuba and theUS, the Cuban social work model provides important insights for social work in this country. (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580)

Journal article

Social services for the aged in Cuba

BERTERA Elizabeth
Journal article citation:
International Social Work, 46(3), July 2003, pp.313-321.

The increase in the world's elderly population during the 1990s had a powerful impact on the Caribbean island of Cuba. Health care is considered a human right for all citizens. Through its extensive gerontology and geriatrics programs Cuba has developed innovative approaches to address the growth of the older population and related societal challenges. The article also explores the role of social workers in a predominantly socialist society from the perspective of a social work professor visiting Cuba from the US.


Elderly care: a world perspective

Chapman and Hall
Publication year:
Place of publication:

Contains examples of successful service provision for older people from 40 countries. The case studies are organised into the following sections: care at home; community support; empowerment; participation; fitness and well-being; income generation; environment; integrated services; mental health; training for elder care; organisation of services; and older women.

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