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Journal article

'Active ageing': a qualitative study in six Caribbean countries

CLOOS Patrick, et al
Journal article citation:
Ageing and Society, 30(1), January 2010, pp.79-101.
Cambridge University Press

This study explored the experiences of older people in six Caribbean countries relating to ‘active ageing’. Data were collected principally through 31 focus group discussions conducted in both urban and rural areas; most participants were urban-based women aged 60-70 years, of lower socio-economic status. Large disparities in the responses of Caribbean societies to population ageing were indicated, as well as unequal opportunities to obtain health care and social services, public transport, income and food by both socio-economic status and location. Home-care services are either insufficient or non-existent. Some older people receive social and financial support from relatives while others fear isolation and face deprivation. It was concluded that a comprehensive and multi-sectoral approach using the ‘active ageing’ framework should be implemented to ensure a healthy ageing process.

Journal article

Are older people most fraid of cime?: revisiting Ferraro and LaGrange in Trinidad

Journal article citation:
British Journal of Criminology, 43(2), Spring 2003, pp.417-433.
Oxford University Press

This research paper revisits a fear of crime and age study, here using survey data from the Caribbean island of Trinidad but adopting similar methods and statistical analyses. A multi-stage cluster design was used with 728 randomly selected adults. The overall simple correlations for fear of crime and age are low and negative for both males (-.16) and for females (-.04). The same is true for 17 of the 20 separate gender-victimization categories (the other 3 being statistically insignificant low positives). Self-rating of risk follows much the same pattern. The overall simple correlations for risk of victimization and age are low and negative for both males (-.16) and for females (-.03). The same is also true for 15 of the 20 separate gender-victimization categories (the other 5 being statistically insignificant low positives). Contrary to much of the literature, which suggests that the very aged are supposed to feel 'prisoners' in their own homes, here they are found to be the least afraid of all. This study offers no evidence for the proposition that the fear of crime increases, in a simple linear way, with age.

Journal article

The family study: a useful gerontological tool

Journal article citation:
Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 39(1/2), 2002, pp.241-261.
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

The Caribbean, although classified as a developing country has been experiencing an ageing of its population over the past two decades. Faced with the lack of a well-developed social service infrastructure for seniors and economic challenges, care of the elderly is predominantly by families and in the community. Training institutions have had to develop new programs and new approaches to aid those caring for seniors. A course for community based social workers of varying backgrounds has been developed to enhance their skills in promoting good health as well as maximum independence in all aspects of life among seniors. Health as defined by the World Health Organisation is all embracing including physical, mental, social and spiritual aspects. The course uses several innovative approaches one of which the paper discusses. A key component of the course is the use of the “Family Study” which exposes teams of students to a family, which includes a senior for the duration of the 20-week course. Seniors are chosen for study based on their social, physical complaints and desire for assistance. Using a modified version of the social compass and other quality of life assessment tools, students are required to not only identify the problems but how the problem affects the senior and the family and to plan and implement an intervention based on the strengths and weaknesses of the senior and the support system. Describes the process and the evolution of the use of the family study since 1992 and the students’ evaluation of it. The family study also exposes the students to other aspects of theories and practices associated with ageing, including the importance of effective communication and how to work in teams. The inclusion of a practical approach involving seniors and their families has strengthened the academic program while benefiting the client so satisfying the needs of both. (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580).

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