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Journal article

Toward a comprehensive understanding of the needs of elderly Ghanaians

Author:
DARKWA Osei K.
Journal article citation:
Ageing International, 25(4), Spring 2000, pp.65-79.
Publisher:
Springer
Place of publication:
New York

This article discusses the health, caregiving, socioeconomic, and service needs of elderly persons who live in Ghana. Brief sociodemographic information on the population is given. Challenges brought about by population ageing are discussed. Barriers to the provision of services to address the needs of the population are examined. Finally, measures are proposed to meet the challenges of providing services to elderly Ghanaians.

Book

The World ageing situation: exploring a society for all ages

Author:
UNITED NATIONS. Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publisher:
United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publication year:
2001
Pagination:
131p.,tables,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
New York

Presents an overview of the many global issues around an ageing population. Contains chapters on: development and the ageing of populations in Africa; ageing rural populations in South East and East Asia; the situation of older people in newly industrialised countries of East Asia; the situation of older women in the Latin Americal region; global ageing and intergenerational equity issue; and rewriting lifemaps.

Journal article

Worldwide hunt for clues

Author:
INEICHEN Bernard
Journal article citation:
Journal of Dementia Care, 5(1), January 1997, p.28.
Publisher:
Hawker

The prevalence of dementia varies between different countries. The author reports on findings of very low rates in part of Africa, which if confirmed could hold vital clues for research.

Journal article

The elder in African society: the view from folklore and literature

Author:
MBELE Joseph
Journal article citation:
Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(3/4), 2004, pp.53-62.
Publisher:
Routledge
Place of publication:
Philadelphia

Conventional wisdom presents the elder in African society as a wise, dignified and powerful figure, who keeps the culture alive and guides the young. This paper tries to demonstrate that this image of the elders in Africa is simplistic, using evidence from folklore and literature. Folklore, though a rarely used source for studies of this nature, is the most authentic expression of a people's reality and experience. Since it springs from the remote past, folklore bears the evidence of where the Africans have come from. Together with folklore, there are some literary works which are also used, since they spring from and appropriate key aspects of the folklore heritage. (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580)

Journal article

Social security and older people: an African perspective

Author:
KASEKE Edwin
Journal article citation:
International Social Work, 48(1), January 2005, pp.89-98.
Publisher:
Sage

This article discusses the concepts and forms of social security and examines some of the systems and trends in Africa. Formal systems in Africa are poorly developed and suggestions are made for improving the situation.

Journal article

The World Health Organisation perspective on gender, ageing and health

Author:
KALACHE Alexandre
Journal article citation:
Ageing International, 24(4), Spring 1998, pp.39-48.
Publisher:
Springer
Place of publication:
New York

The World Health Organisation (WHO) Ageing and Health Program has adopted the notion of gender as a key perspective to it's programme components. In this article the author cites health and ageing examples from Japan, Africa and other nations to demonstrate why there is a need for increasing recognition of gender differences.

Journal article

Cross-cultural research into cognitive impairment and dementia: some practical experiences

Authors:
RICHARDS Marcus, BRAYNE Carol
Journal article citation:
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11(4), April 1996, pp.383-387.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Highlights the relevance and context of the work of Raymond Levy in the field of cognitive impairment and dementia in older Afro-Caribbean migrants to the UK. Also outlines examples of continuing research in this area.

Book

Coping with old age in a changing Africa: social change and the elderly Ghanaian

Author:
APT Nana Araba
Publisher:
Avebury
Publication year:
1996
Pagination:
172p.,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Aldershot

Looks at changes in society in Africa which could lead to a similar crisis in caring for older people to that taking place in the developed nations. Includes chapters on: Ghanaian traditions of kin, clan and informal caring systems; the increasing burden on older people of social change; coping with old age in the new Ghanaian cultural context; portraits of ageing; and an appropriate age care system for Africa.

Journal article

A comparative analysis of the use of maternal health services between teenagers and older mothers in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)

Authors:
MAGADI Monica Akinyi, AGWANDA Alfred O., OBARE Francis O.
Journal article citation:
Social Science and Medicine, 64(6), March 2007, pp.1311-1325.
Publisher:
Elsevier

This paper uses Demographic and Health Surveys data from 21 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to examine the use of maternal health services by teenagers. A comparison of maternal health care between teenagers and older women, based on bivariate analysis shows little variation in maternal health care by age. However, after controlling for the effect of background factors such as parity, premarital births, educational attainment and urban/rural residence in a multivariate analysis, there is evidence that teenagers have poorer maternal health care than older women with similar background characteristics. The results from multilevel logistic models applied to pooled data across countries show that teenagers are generally more likely to receive inadequate antenatal care and have non-professional deliveries. An examination of country-level variations shows significant differences in the levels of maternal health care across countries. However, there is no evidence of significant variations across countries in the observed patterns of maternal health care by maternal age. This suggests that the observed patterns by maternal age are generalizable across the sub-Saharan Africa region.

Book

Forgotten families: older people as carers of orphans and vulnerable children

Author:
HELPAGE INTERNATIONAL
Publishers:
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, HelpAge International
Publication year:
2003
Pagination:
24p.
Place of publication:
Brighton

This report shows that provided appropriate support is available, older people and orphans and vulnerable children can overcome some of the challenges posed by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The case studies featured in this report describe innovative ways of dealing with some of the difficulties faced by older-headed households. These community-driven programmes demonstrate the impact that minimal additional resources and appropriate technical support can have. They cover a wide range of responses, including the use of non-contributory pension schemes in South Africa, home-care services in Zambia (which have enabled families to stay together), and training for older people to be counsellors in Sudan. In Vietnam, older people’s clubs, led by local leaders, are helping older people to cope with the stigma and discrimination in their communities.If international commitments on HIV/AIDS and poverty reduction are to be met, the report suggests that the following recommendations need to be implemented at local, national and international levels: provide direct income support to address the financial needs of older carers of orphans and vulnerable children; ensure policies and programmes designed to meet the health needs of families affected by HIV/AIDS include older people and orphans and vulnerable children; ensure access to universal and flexible education services for orphans and vulnerable children that recognise their changing roles, time commitments and financial constraints; provide older people with information and training on HIV/AIDS and the rights of children and older people develop policies and programmes that address the psychosocial needs of older carers and orphans and vulnerable children ensure the involvement and participation of older carers and orphans and vulnerable children, in community structures, and in formulating national policy for poverty reduction and supporting families affected by HIV/AIDS; undertake research and collect comprehensive age-disaggregated data on the needs and roles of older people and orphans and vulnerable children, to design HIV/AIDS interventions that are inclusive of older people.

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