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Journal article

The age-old problem, recognised at last

Author:
PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Professional Social Work, October 1994, pp.12-13.
Publisher:
British Association of Social Workers

After years of being ignored as a social concern, elder abuse has been increasingly recognised this decade. Puts a social work perspective on recent developments in this sensitive area of work.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Decision-making and mental incapacity: practice issues for professionals

Author:
PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Practice: Social Work in Action, 5(3), 1991, pp.186-193.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis

Distinguishes between permanently incapable people and those who have become incapacitated and discusses the conflict between "best interests" and "substituted judgment" and the application of these approaches.

Journal article

Intimate partner violence against older women in Germany: prevalence and associated factors

Authors:
STÖCKL Heidi, WATTS Charlotte, PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(13), September 2012, pp.2545-2564.
Publisher:
Sage

Intimate partner violence (IPV) has significant adverse physical and psychological health outcomes, especially among older women. To develop appropriate and effective IPV interventions targeting older women, more needs to be known about its prevalence and the factors associated with increased risk. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and factors associated with physical and sexual violence against older women. Data were drawn from a national survey ‘Health, Well-Being and Personal Safety of Women in Germany’ conducted in 2003. This survey consisted of 10,264 female respondents between the age of 16 and 86 years; this analysis looks separately at women aged 50 to 65 and 66 to 86 years at the time of the survey. The findings showed that the prevalence of violence in women’s current relationships was 12% and 5%, respectively. In both age groups, women who had experienced violence during childhood and nonpartner physical or sexual violence after the age of 16 had higher odds of experiencing current partner violence. Current partner violence was associated only with women and their partner’s level of education and women’s vocational training among women aged 66 to 86 years. Relationships where one or both partners drank heavily in recent months were associated with higher odds of violence among women aged 50 to 65.

Journal article

The abuse of elderly people: considerations for practice

Author:
PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Social Work, 23(2), April 1993, pp.95-112.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Despite concern about abuse of elderly people by their carers over the past ten years, problem remain in the identification and treatment of both those who are abused and their abusers. Considers some of the barriers to identification of abuse, looks at the similarities and differences between the abuse of elderly people and other forms of family violence, and discusses the implications of these for social work practice.

Journal article

Intimate partner violence and its association with physical and mental health symptoms among older women in Germany

Authors:
STOCKL Heidi, PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(17), 2015, pp.3089-3111.
Publisher:
Sage

Intimate partner violence is a commonly acknowledged health care issue. While numerous studies established the health implications of physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence among women of reproductive age, the evidence is scarce for older women and for other forms of intimate partner violence. This study, therefore, investigates the prevalence of intimate partner violence in its different forms and its association with physical and mental health symptoms of older women, using women of reproductive age as a reference group. This study is a cross-sectional study, utilising data from a national representative survey of 10,264 German women aged 16 to 86 years. Rates of physical and sexual intimate partner violence in the last year decreased from 8% to 3% and 1% among women aged 16 to 49 years, 50 to 65 years, and 66 to 86 years, respectively. The prevalence of emotional and economic abuse and controlling behaviour by partners remained nearly the same. All forms of intimate partner violence had significant associations with women’s health symptoms, such as gastrointestinal, psychosomatic and psychological symptoms, and pelvic problems. Controlling behaviour was most consistently associated with most health symptoms. Health and care professionals who screen women for intimate partner violence should, therefore, consider incorporating questions about controlling behaviour as well, because this form of violence is not only frequent but also has multiple health outcomes among women across all ages. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Elder abuse in the United Kingdom

Author:
PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 20(2), 2008, pp.151-168.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

Elder abuse began to attract attention in the UK in the 1990s, following earlier concerns with child abuse and domestic violence. Initially, interest focused on domestic settings but institutional settings are now also being explored. This paper summarises what is currently known about this type of abuse, and about protection and prevention. It also discusses legislative responses, national guidance, local authority responses, the value of a multi-disciplinary approach, and good practice issues. Knowledge about the mistreatment of older people is still incomplete and more research is needed, together with the continuing development of professional standards, systems of accountability, and education and training (including of the general public). (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street,  Binghamton, NY 13904-1580).

Journal article

Older women, domestic violence and elder abuse: a review of commonalities, differences and shared approaches

Author:
PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 15(3/4), 2003, pp.163-183.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

Elder abuse and neglect have increasingly become issues of concern. Older women are the majority of older people who experience abuse, yet there have been few attempts to adequately consider this. Consideration of the potential links between domestic violence and elder abuse is appropriate. This article provides an overview of knowledge about elder abuse and neglect and then moves to examine factors from domestic violence. An exploration, through review, of the similarities and differences between these approaches will assist in determining relative strengths and weaknesses. This will then contribute towards greater understanding of the linked phenomena of elder abuse and neglect and assist towards both protection and prevention of abuse. (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580)

Journal article

Recognising and dealing with the abuse of older people

Authors:
PENHALE Bridget, KINGSTON Paul
Journal article citation:
Nursing Times, 18.10.95, 1995, pp.27-28.
Publisher:
Nursing Times

The phenomenon of elder abuse and neglect is not new; indeed, there is evidence that suggests the issues have been present within society for a considerable period of time. Despite the efforts of health and social care professionals to draw attention to the topic since the issue was first raised in the late 1970s, it is only since 1988 that the issues related to elder abuse and neglect have begun to be addressed. Health and social care professionals have not viewed work with older people very positively.

Journal article

Prevalence of older adults' abuse and neglect in Portugal: an overview

Authors:
SANTOS Ana Joao, FERREIRA-ALVES Jose, PENHALE Bridget
Journal article citation:
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, 12(3), October 2011, pp.162-173.
Publisher:
Emerald

This literature review identifies, describes and compares studies of the prevalence of abuse and neglect of older adults in Portugal. A retrospective bibliographic search yielded nine studies; seven of which were “grey literature” emanating from academic post-graduate studies. Most of the studies were small and often used a non-probabilistic convenience sampling method. Two instruments prevailed: the Questions to Elicit Elder Abuse aimed at older adults and the Caregiver Abuse Screen aimed at caregivers. Community-dwelling older adults self-reported a higher prevalence of abuse (between 66.7 and 86.7 per cent) than care professionals working with older adults suffering from dementia (between 26.7 and 47.4 per cent). Emotional abuse and neglect were the first and second most prevalent forms of abuse, followed by financial abuse. Physical abuse was least prevalent. Poorer perception of health, not making/receiving visits and residing in an urban area were the most consistent variables associated with elder abuse.

Book

Working with vulnerable adults

Authors:
PENHALE Bridget, PARKER Jonathan
Publisher:
Routledge
Publication year:
2008
Pagination:
189p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

In recent years there has been increasing concern about the protection from abuse of adults who receive social services or who are in residential or nursing home care. In 2001 social services departments were given lead responsibility for co-ordinating responses to allegations and situations of abuse. At the same time, there has been a drive towards multi-agency work. This text covers key issues in service provision for all vulnerable groups and in particular examines: contemporary policy relevant theory protection issues at all levels of interaction the ethical dilemmas and philosophical implications of protective action. With case study examples and practical exercises throughout, Working with Vulnerable Adults provides a handbook for those studying and working within this area for social workers, people working in social care and others working with vulnerable adults who have been, or are being, abused or who are at risk of being abused.

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