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Inequalities in quality of life among people aged 75 years and over in Great Britain

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2002
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

A survey of over 8,000 people aged 75 and over in 23 general practices in Great Britain was undertaken as part of a trial of the assessment and management of the health of older people in the community. Analyses were undertaken of their quality of life in relation to their socio-economic position.

Book Full text available online for free

Comparing professional and patient perspectives on quality of life

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2002
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Quality of life is thought to be an important concept in health care and the measurement of patient quality of life is widely advocated. Yet quality of life is not well defined, and there is little information about how health professionals understand the term. In this project, stroke and stroke care is used as a case study to make the concept of quality of life itself the object of investigation. The project was based on a postal survey of and face-to-face interviews with professionals working with stroke patients, interviews with stroke patients aged 60 and over and detailed observations in a stroke unit.

Book Full text available online for free

Older men: their social worlds and healthy lifestyles

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2003
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Over recent years there have been substantial advances in social scientific understanding of the lives of older women, but older men have been largely neglected. This research has redressed the imbalance by analysing how gender roles and relationships influence the quality of life of older men, focusing particularly on older men who live alone. Previously little was known about the quality of life, kin and friendship relationships of older divorced and never married men. Our research has examined how loss of a marital partner through widowhood or divorce may differently affect their social relationships and health-related behaviour.

Book Full text available online for free

Quality of life and real life cognitive functioning

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2003
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

This study examined the predictive value of mid-life risk factors for cognitive functioning in old age. Participants were drawn from a study of middle-aged people living in research conducted 30 years ago. Current cognitive functioning, both 'abstract' and 'real world', was assessed, along with attitudes and beliefs regarding how to maintain cognitive functioning in old age. Cognitive functioning was then examined in relation to perceived quality of life.

Book Full text available online for free

Transport and ageing: extending uality of life via public and private transport

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2003
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Accessible public transport and the independence that comes with car driving are generally thought to be linked to quality of life in old age. However, there has been almost no research on this topic in the UK. This study used a multi-method approach to explore the relationship between quality of life and access to public and private transport. The study also examined the extent to which the transport needs of older people are taken into account by transport professionals.

Book Full text available online for free

Older people and lifelong learning: choices and experiences

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2003
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Little is known about older people's experiences of learning and education over the course of their lives, the factors that might affect whether they choose to learn in retirement and what role learning plays in their lives as they grow older. This research set out to explore these issues in depth using a range of different investigative methods including the use of a small group of older people themselves as interviewers of their peers.

Book Full text available online for free

Adding quality to quantity: older people's views on their quality of life and its enhancement

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2002
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

This study set out to explore older peoples' definitions of, and priorities for, a good quality of life. Nine hundred and ninety nine randomly sampled people aged 65 and over, living at home in Britain, were interviewed for the study.

Book

Inequalities in quality of life in early old age

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2002
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

A new measure of quality of life was developed for use among older people. A sample of around 300 people aged 65-75 years was asked about their quality of life. Full occupational, marital and residential histories have previously been collected on the sample. Analyses were performed to assess the characteristics of the sample and the relative influence of present day and lifecourse factors on quality of life in early old age.

Book Full text available online for free

Women, ethnicity and empowerment in later life

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2002
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

Studies of later life are increasingly emphasising its positive aspects as a time which is not necessarily linked to decline and dependency. While it is important not to underestimate the material and resource needs of older people and the very real constraints within which many live, it is also necessary to challenge negative stereotyping and examine the possibilities for pursuing satisfying lives. Gender is also accepted as an important variable in the experience of advancing years. Since women live longer than men, the proportion of older women to men increases with age and more women than ever reach older' old age. One aspect of the ageing process which is relatively underresearched relates to ethnicity. Although minority ethnic groups tend to have a smaller proportion of their population over 60 years, this is changing and commentators expect the current situation, where there are more minority ethnic men than women in the older population, to be reversed in the future. This project conducted interviews and focus groups with women aged 60+from a variety of ethnic backgrounds. It focussed on quality of life, empowerment and what the women identify as enhancing or debilitating in terms of living their later years.

Book Full text available online for free

Housebound older people: the links between identity, self-esteem and the use of care services

Author:
ESRC GROWING OLDER PROGRAMME
Publisher:
University of Sheffield. Department of Sociological Studies
Publication year:
2002
Pagination:
4p.
Place of publication:
Sheffield

The aim of this research to increase understanding of why some disabled older people do not seek or even refuse health and social care services to which they may be entitled. This issue is important because there is evidence that, although the targeting of home care services on those with the greatest need has greatly improved over the last ten years, there remain some very frail older people living on their own with little or no help. The hypothesis behind the research was that these people might find accepting services incompatible with their images of themselves as independent adults.

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