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Book Full text available online for free

Mental health, mental capacity and human rights: a practitioner’s guide

Author:
BRITISH INSTITUTE OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Publisher:
British Institute of Human Rights
Publication year:
2016
Pagination:
28
Place of publication:
London

This booklet provides information about human rights values and approaches for practitioners working in services supporting people with mental health or mental capacity issues. It looks at how the Human Rights Act work, legal duties under the Human Rights Act, and provides information about the key rights which are most relevant to practice in mental health and/or mental capacity settings. Human rights discussed include: right to life; right not to be tortured or treated in an inhuman or degrading way; right to liberty; right to respect for private and family life, home and correspondence; and right not be discriminated against in relation to any of the human rights. For each human right, the booklet outlines how practitioners might encounter this rights in their work, their practitioner duties, whether practitioners are able to restrict this right, and provides a short example. The booklet also includes a flowchart to help identify human rights issues in practice. It is the first of eight booklets developed as part of the British Institute of Human Rights (BIHR) project ‘Delivering Compassionate Care: Connecting Human Rights to the Frontline’, which aims to ensure that staff have the knowledge and skills uphold the dignity and human rights of the people using their services. It has been produced alongside seven issue-specific resources. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

A grounded theory of intuition among occupational therapists in mental health practice

Authors:
CHAFFEY Lisa, UNSWORTH Carolyn, FOSSEY Ellie
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(7), July 2010, pp.300-308.
Publisher:
College of Occupational Therapists

This study explored nine occupational therapists’ (OTs) understanding and use of intuition, whilst interacting and connecting with mental health patients during the clinical reasoning process which guides their decision making on practice. Using a grounded theory approach and the evolving theories on clinical reasoning and CCT (the Cognitive Continuum Theory), the authors conducted qualitative, semi-structured interviews with participants recruited from mental health presentations at an Australian OTs conference. They were asked to describe an example of intuition in their everyday life and professional practice and discuss it further in response to the researcher’s probes and definitions. Participant demographic data and methods of data analysis are illustrated in Table 1 and Figure 1, respectively. From the data, intuition was defined as knowledge without conscious awareness of reasoning and was found to be embedded in clinical reasoning. Participants described it as “elusive and underground”, and suggested, in their own words in the text, that with greater professional experience, came more comfort in its use. Using intuition relied on therapists’ understanding of their own and others’ emotions and intuition partnered analysis within their clinical reasoning, say these authors. This paper concludes with a presentation of a grounded theory for the use of intuition in mental health settings (Figure 2), and proposes that intuition be considered with analysis as an important tool within a clinical reasoning framework.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Helping people with mental health problems deal with money

Author:
SOCIAL CARE INSTITUTE FOR EXCELLENCE
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 22.1.09, 2009, pp.32-33.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

Discusses how the Mental Capacity Act 2005 can help people with mental health problems deal with their money.

Journal article

Making choices and taking control

Authors:
COLDHAM Tina, SPANDLER Helen
Journal article citation:
Openmind, 132, March 2005, pp.18-19.
Publisher:
MIND

Describes how direct payments can benefit mental health service survivors.

Journal article

Your guide to the Mental Capacity Bill

Author:
GEORGE Mike
Journal article citation:
Care and Health Magazine, 27.7.04, 2004, pp.30-31.
Publisher:
Care and Health

Looks at the main areas of the Mental Capacity Bill, which covers England and Wales.

Journal article

A guide to the Mental Incapacity/Capacity Bill 2003

Authors:
CURRAN Christopher, GRIMSHAW Catherine
Journal article citation:
Openmind, 128, July 2004, pp.24-25.
Publisher:
MIND

Provides an overview of the Mental Incapacity/Capacity Bill 2003.

Journal article

Challenging personal capability assessments

Author:
BOLTON Mike
Journal article citation:
Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Care, 3(11), July 2000, p.383.
Publisher:
Pavilion

What if the Benefits Agency declares you fit for work and you don't agree. The author describes the experiences of one woman with mental health problems.

Journal article

Unfit for the job

Author:
LANGAN Joan
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 17.10.91, 1991, pp.22-23.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

Argues that there are disturbing flaws in the way Approved Social Workers misuse their power to section people with a mental illness.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Critique of a mental health admissions diagnostic system: an example of an expert system in all ill-structured domain

Author:
RAVETZ J.
Journal article citation:
New Technology in the Human Services, 5(1), Summer 1990, pp.12-15.
Publisher:
Centre for Human Service Technology

Describes the diagnostic system, possible uses by social workers and implications for the human - computer interface.

Journal article

How included are mental health service users in decisions about their medication?

Author:
HOLTTUM Sue
Journal article citation:
Mental Health and Social Inclusion, 20(3), 2016, pp.141-148.
Publisher:
Emerald

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to consider four recent articles relating to how included service users are in decision making about their medication in mental health services. Design/methodology/approach: One article describes conversations between a psychiatrist and service users about medication. The second paper describes a study in which young people were supported with the aim of developing their confidence to challenge medication decisions. The third paper reports on interviews with both professionals and service users about medication decisions. The fourth paper presents a theory of how the wider context can affect medication decision making in mental health. Findings: The first paper shows how a psychiatrist can persuade service users to accept medication decisions. The second paper shows how some young people can challenge medication decisions if they have the right support. The third paper illustrates how both professionals and service users may doubt service users’ ability to decide about medication, and pessimistically suggests that shared decision making may be unrealistic. In contrast to this, the fourth paper offers hope of changing how mental health services are organised in order to enable service users to be more empowered about medication decisions. Originality/value: A model of shared decision making is being imported into mental health from physical health. These four papers illustrate problems with a simple transfer from physical to mental health. The present paper points to differences in apparent awareness of different clinical researchers of the need to tackle service users’ disempowerment in mental health care, showing how some researchers are tackling this. (Publisher abstract)

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