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Journal article

Self-esteem in persons with schizophrenia. A Nordic multicentre study

Authors:
SORGAARD Knut W., et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Mental Health, 11(4), August 2002, pp.405-415.
Publisher:
Informa Healthcare
Place of publication:
London

The article presents the results of analysis of self-esteem in a group of non-institutionalised people with schizophrenia. Interviews were conducted with random samples of people with schizophrenia receiving out-patient services in ten psychiatric centres in the five Nordic countries. The following instruments were used: The Interview Schedule for Social Interaction (ISSI), Camberwell Assessment of Needs, Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, GAF and BPRS. The Rosenberg scale provided the main data for this paper and three different measures of self-esteem were used . A total of 418 people took part in the study. Analysis showed the three self-esteem measurements to be mainly related to mental health and other subjective variables, and to lesser extent to social network. Demography played a negligible role, only (female) sex being associated with positive and gross self-esteem. Anxiety/depression and affect balance were the strongest predictors of positive, negative and gross self-esteem, and having at least one close friend was associated with positive and gross self-esteem.

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