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Journal article

Young people's mental health in context: comparing life in the city and small communities in Siberia

Authors:
GLENDINNING Anthony, WEST Patrick
Journal article citation:
Social Science and Medicine, 65(6), September 2007, pp.1180-1191.
Publisher:
Elsevier

The study compares young people's mental health in the major Siberian city of Novosibirsk with small communities of the surrounding region, at the end of the statutory period of secondary education. Data are drawn from a school-based questionnaire survey of ninth graders and semi-structured interviews. In line with the findings of international comparative studies, general health profiles are not good by Western standards, but extending such findings, general health appears even poorer in small communities and is differentiated further by the rural household's impoverished socio-economic circumstances. However, despite poorer general health among rural youth, the study finds the opposite for more specific profiles of mental health, which are worse among city youth. In this, distinctive social factors are associated with mental health differently in the large city and small communities of the region. In the relatively affluent city of Novosibirsk, self-worth and depression are differentiated by family background and engagement with the education system. By contrast, in small communities social capital associated with family support and kin-based networks become important resources instead. Positive mental health is bound up with the local cultural context, centred on the family household and ‘traditions’ of rural society.

Journal article

Social support, sense of community, collective values, and depressive symptoms in adolescent survivors of the 2004 Beslan terrorist attack

Authors:
MOSCARDINO Ughetta, et al
Journal article citation:
Social Science and Medicine, 70(1), January 2010, pp.27-34.
Publisher:
Elsevier

This study investigates the influence of socio-contextual variables on depressive symptoms in survivors of the 2004 Beslan terrorist attack, Russia, based on an ecological perspective. Eighteen months after the traumatic event 158 adolescents, aged 14-17 years, completed self-reported measures assessing depressive symptoms, social support, sense of community, and collectivism. The analysis showed that, for both boys and girls, the endorsement of collectivistic values was related to increased family support, which in turn was associated with lower rates of depressive symptoms. In the male group, collectivism, along with sense of community, were positively associated with peer support, which in turn was negatively related to depressive symptoms. The findings imply that social support and community connectedness may serve as protection against psychological disorders relating to terrorism, and that gender differences, as well as cultural values, should be taken into consideration when implementing intervention with youths exposed to highly stressful situations.

Journal article

Forensic psychiatry in Russia: the links with Britain evolve further

Authors:
GORDON Harvey, MEUX Clive
Journal article citation:
Psychiatric Bulletin, 27(7), July 2003, pp.271-273.
Publisher:
Royal College of Psychiatrists

In Russia, the improvement of forensic psychiatric care (and prison health care) will be affected by the level of economic development. The reintegration of Russian psychiatry into the international psychiatric community needs to be maintained. The future of forensic psychiatry in Russia is no longer dependent on an ideology in which psychiatrists are essentially seen as agents of State control. While general and forensic psychiatry in both Russia and Britain needs to seek to balance the needs of patients with the safety of the public, it must retain its practice independently of the state in both countries.

Book

Petersburg in the early 90's: crazy, cold, cruel.

Author:
CHARITABLE FOUNDATION NOCHLEZHKA
Publisher:
Charitable Foundation Nochlezhka
Publication year:
1994
Pagination:
255p.
Place of publication:
St. Petersburg

Articles on the social changes taking place in St. Petersburg, after the euphoria of perestroika had evaporated. Social problems looked at include: homelessness, unemployment, homeless children living on the streets, crime, and poverty. Places these issues in the context of the ineffectiveness of state social policy and the role social work could play in alleviating these problems.

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