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Book

Pathways to the management of mentally ill offenders in the criminal justice system

Authors:
MANNA Adelmo, KUROSAWA Ryosuke, HAMAI Koichi
Publisher:
United Nations. Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
Publication year:
1993
Pagination:
272p.
Place of publication:
Rome

Reviews experiences from a wide range of countries in dealing with people with mental health problems within the criminal justice system.

Journal article

Social capital and mental health: a comparative analysis of four low income countries

Authors:
DE SILVA Mary J., et al
Journal article citation:
Social Science and Medicine, 64(1), January 2007, pp.5-20.
Publisher:
Elsevier

Women and the poor are disproportionately affected by common mental disorders (CMD), and women in low income countries are particularly at risk. Social capital may explain some of the geographical variation in CMD, but the association between social capital and CMD in low income countries has rarely been studied. This paper aims to explore the relationship between individual and ecological measures of social capital and maternal CMD in four low income countries. Cross-sectional data from the Young Lives (YL) study with information across 234 communities in Peru, Ethiopia, Vietnam and Andhra Pradesh (India) were used. The mental health of mothers of one-year-old children (n=6909), and the individual cognitive and structural social capital of all respondents was assessed. Ecological social capital was calculated by aggregating individual responses to the community level. Multi-level modelling was used to explore the association between individual and ecological (community level) social capital and maternal CMD in each of the four countries, adjusting for a wide range of individual and community level confounders. The analysis shows that individual cognitive social capital is associated with reduced odds of CMD across all four countries. The results for structural social capital are more mixed and culturally specific, with some aspects associated with increased odds of CMD. This suggests that structural social capital has context-specific effects and cognitive social capital more universal effects on maternal CMD.

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