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Psychiatric disorders in Mexico: lifetime prevalence in a nationally representative sample

MEDINA-MORA Maria Elena, et al
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Psychiatry, 190(6), June 2007, pp.521-528.
Royal College of Psychiatrists

No national data on lifetime prevalence and risk factors for DSM–IV psychiatric disorders are available in Mexico. The aim was to present data on lifetime prevalence and projected lifetime risk, age at onset and demographic correlates of DSM–IV psychiatric disorders assessed in the Mexican National Comorbidity Survey. The survey was based on a multistage area probability sample of non-institutionalised people aged 18–65 years in urban Mexico. The World Mental Health Survey version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview was administered by lay interviewers. Of those surveyed, 26.1% had experienced at least one psychiatric disorder in their life and 36.4% of Mexicans will eventually experience one of these disorders. Half of the population who present with a psychiatric disorder do so by the age of 21 and younger cohorts are at greater risk for most disorders. Our results suggest an urgent need to re-evaluate the resources allocated for the detection and treatment of psychiatric illnesses in Mexico.

Journal article

Comparison of treatment response among GLB and non-GLB street-living youth

GRAFSKY Erika L., et al
Journal article citation:
Children and Youth Services Review, 33(5), May 2011, pp.569-574.

Researchers have found that adolescents who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual (GLB) are at a higher risk for increased substance use and mental health symptoms. This study uses secondary analysis of two clinical trials for street-living youth to examine whether self-identification as gay, lesbian, or bisexual (GLB) acts as a moderator of treatment effects. It also examines whether street-living GLB youth respond differently to a therapeutic intervention than non-GLB street-living youth. Comparisons were made of treatment outcomes on two categories of variables (drug use and mental health symptoms) among 244 homeless GLB and non-GLB identified adolescents in Mexico. Overall, GLB and non-GLB adolescents showed similar reductions in drug use and mental health symptoms. However, compared to non-GLB adolescents, GLB adolescents showed greater improvement in reduction of drug use and internalizing and depressive symptom scores. While both groups reported less drug use and fewer mental health symptoms from baseline to post-intervention, GLB youth's scores improved more drastically. Implications of using the identified treatment intervention are discussed.


Mental health services in the global village

APPLEBY Louis, ARAYA Ricardo
Publication year:
Place of publication:

Comparative study of mental health services in 16 countries from both the developed and the developing world. Contains sections on countries from: Asia, Europe, Africa, the Middle East and South and Central America.

Journal article

Providing social services to Mexico - USA transmigrants

NEGI Nalini Junko, FURMAN Rich
Journal article citation:
Journal of Poverty, 13(3), July 2009, pp.293-308.
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

Human migration from Mexico to the United States is one of the largest movements of people in the world. This mass migration across the US-Mexican borders has led sociologists to redefine the notion of nation-state borders from rigid boundaries to inter-societal spaces – a symbolic de-territorialisation which has led to the development of a population of migrants referred to as transmigrants (migrants who go back and forth across borders). Within this population, a group has emerged that can be distinguished from traditional migrants. This hidden population has a background of deficient well-being and marginalisation. Social work's emphasis on social justice demands an understanding of this community to better prepare students and practitioners to address the specialised needs of this particularly vulnerable population. This exploratory qualitative study, relying on in-depth interviews with five social service providers, examines the experience of social service providers in providing for the social welfare needs of Mexico-USA transmigrants. Implications for social work practice and research are addressed.

Journal article

Work and family divided across borders: the impact of parental migration on Mexican children in transnational families

LAHAIE Claudia, et al
Journal article citation:
Community Work and Family, 12(3), August 2009, pp.299-312.
Taylor and Francis

Using new data collected in high emigration communities within Mexico, the impact of partial family migration on children left behind in Mexico is explored. Multivariate results suggest that households where respondents have a spouse who was a caregiver and who migrated to the USA are more likely to have at least one child with academic, behavioural, and emotional problems than non-migrant households. This finding supports efforts to decrease the need for families to cross borders either by decreasing the economic necessities for migration or by designing immigration policies aimed at decreasing the separation of families across borders and increasing family support after a caregiver's departure to the USA. The end goal of these efforts and policies is to improve children's health and well-being in communities with high levels of migration.

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