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Journal article Full text available online for free

Wooed by an Italian model

Author:
HAYES Derren
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 24.05.07, 2007, pp.34-35.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

Anne Kendall, winner of the Isabel Schwarz Travel Fellowship talks to the author about her visit to Italy to study Treste's system of community-based treatment.

Book

Mental health at the crossroads: the promise of the psychosocial approach

Editors:
RAMON Shulamit, WILLIAMS Janet E., (eds.)
Publisher:
Ashgate
Publication year:
2005
Pagination:
235p.
Place of publication:
Aldershot

This book is a challenge to the enduring status and domination of bio-medical approaches in mental health services. Contributors from four continents argue that this domination, along with modernization and multidisciplinary work, will not improve people's lives unless social and psychological perspectives are appreciated and integrated. This implies new forms of relationships and social arrangements. The book presents an analysis of the psychosocial approach as it resonates across the discipline divide, considering the past and future development. It is written from the perspectives of service users and carers, managers, practitioners, educators, researchers and policy makers, illustrated with case studies from Australia, Brazil, Italy, UK and the USA. This book presents an alternative approach to conventional thinking in mental health, providing perspectives, grounded in theory with practice examples, in order to influence the current agenda and change practice.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Subjective and objective dimensions of quality of life in psychiatric patients: a factor analytical approach: The South Verona Outcome Project 4

Authors:
RUGGERI Mirella, et al
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, March 2001, pp.268-275.
Publisher:
Royal College of Psychiatrists

Explores the role of subjective and objective Quality Of Life dimensions and their cross-sectional and longitudinal predictors. The relationship between QQL, as measured by the Lancashire Quality Of Life Profile (LQL), and demographic variables, diagnosis, psychopathology, disability, functioning, affect balance, self-esteem, service use and service satisfaction was investigated at two points in time, using factor analysis and multiple regression techniques. Concludes that subjective and objective data are distinct types of information. Objective measures may be more suitable in detecting treatment effects. Subjective information is necessary to complete the QQL picture and to enhance the interpretation of objective data.

Journal article Full text available online for free

How the law and welfare combine for children and families where there is parental mental illness: inter-country comparisons of professional practice

Author:
HETHERINGTON Rachael
Journal article citation:
Social Work in Europe, 8(3), 2001, pp.29-36.
Publisher:
Russell House

Reports on inter-country comparative research into social work practice. The project was set up to research the responses of mental health and child care welfare systems for children who have a mentally ill parent.

Book

Experience in mental health: community care and social policy

Author:
JONES Kathleen
Publisher:
Sage
Publication year:
1988
Pagination:
165p., diags., bibliogs.
Place of publication:
London

Presents a broad comparison of detailed research into the policies and experiences of community mental health in four countries - the USA, UK, Italy and China.

Journal article

Language use and PTSD symptoms: content analyses of allegations of child sexual abuse

Authors:
MIRAGOLI Sarah, PROCACCIA Rossella, Di BLASIO Paola
Journal article citation:
Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 14(5), 2014, pp.355-382.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia

The objective of this article is to understand how traumatised children report traumatic narratives. This study aims to explore the mediating effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on the relationship between child age and narrative characteristics in the allegations of child sexual abuse. Some characteristics of traumatic narratives were analysed in a group of 58 victims of sexual abuse (M = 10; SD = 3.5 years), including 29 children (50%) with all the symptoms of PTSD. Results were consistent with a model of PTSD symptoms as a mediator of the relationship between age and sensory impressions, emotional nodes, and cognitive distancing. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Differences in suicide behaviour in the elderly: a study in two provinces of Northern Italy

Authors:
ZEPPEGNO P., et al
Journal article citation:
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(8), August 2005, pp.769-775.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

This study investigates the suicide phenomenon among older people (people aged 65 and over) in the Italian provinces of Novara and Verbania, in the time span between January 1990 and December 2000, in order to evaluate if the characteristics of the suicide behaviour correlate to the place of living with particular attention to the psychosocial factors. The information was collected from the Republic Procuration of the two provinces. Frequencies and contingency tables were evaluated to compare the data found in the two provinces. Standardised Mortality Ratios (SMRs) with their confidential intervals (95% confidence intervals) were calculated in comparison with the average suicide rates in North West Italy in the same period and in the same age group. One hundred and eighty-four suicides were committed from the elderly, with an average rate of 14.07 per 100,000 inhabitants in Novara and 25.56 in Verbania. The most common methods used to commit suicide were hanging and jumping from height. The factors chiefly related to suicide were mental disease, followed by organic illness. The analysis of SMRs point out that the incidence of suicide in the province of Verbania is higher than in North West Italy while in Novara it is lower. The evaluation of the suicide risk in the elderly in a diagnostic and preventive framework must take into consideration the psychosocial factors that vary with the place of living.

Book

Sheltered employment in five member states of the Council of Europe: Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland

Authors:
SAMOY Erik, WATERPLAS Lina
Publisher:
Council of Europe
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
67p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Strasbourg

Comparative study looking at the situation of sheltered employment in the twelve Member States of the European Union. The data for each country is grouped under the following headings: institutional context; target population; access to sheltered employment; characteristics of the people in sheltered employment; and a discussion of the topics currently under debate around sheltered employment in each country.

Journal article

Group-apartments for recovery of people with psychosis in Italy: democratic therapeutic communities in post-modern social communities

Authors:
BRUSCHETTA Simone, BARONE Raffaele
Journal article citation:
Therapeutic Communities: the International Journal of Therapeutic Communities, 37(4), 2016, pp.213-226.
Publisher:
Association of Therapeutic Communities

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a model of democratic therapeutic community (DTC) for people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and psychotic disorder, namely the Group-Apartment (GA). The authors will describe it in more detail, discussing the ideas which lie behind it, considering the relative cost of treating people in larger residential DTCs and in GAs, outlining findings from the first data gathered on a GA and looking at the usefulness of this model in post-modern societies, with particular reference to Sicily. Design/methodology/approach: In brief a GA is a flat, located in an urban apartment building, inhabited by a small group of people. In this paper the authors consider an apartment inhabited by a group of three or four patients with the presence of clinical social workers who work in shifts for several hours a day on all or most days of the week (Barone et al., 2009, 2010). GA is also inspired by the pioneering work of Pullen (1999, 2003), in the UK tradition of the apartment post TC for psychosis. Findings: GAs in Italy have become one of the main methods of support housing in recovery-oriented treatment, because it allows the empowerment of the users and fights against the stigma of mental illness (Barone et al., 2014; Bruschetta et al., 2014). The main therapeutic activities provided in the GA depend on the type of recovery route being supported, on the level of autonomy being developed and on the level of participation in the democratic life of the local community. Originality/value: GAs appear better, cheaper and a more appropriate treatment for mental problems in the current financial and social climate than larger institutions. Where they have been tried out, they have been found to be effective, by users and by stakeholders. They exemplify the advantages of the DTC for encouraging recovery, but cost less to run. In accordance with DTC principles, the social democratic process is used not only to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of GAs, but also to build a network to support the development of innovative mental health services and new enabling environments (Haigh et al., 2012). (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Attachment representations in late-adopted children: the use of narrative in the assessment of disorganisation, mentalising and coherence of mind

Authors:
PACE Cecilia Serena, et al
Journal article citation:
Adoption and Fostering, 38(3), 2014, pp.255-270.
Publisher:
British Association for Adoption and Fostering

Late-adopted children have often suffered a wide range of deprivations in their pre-adoption lives. These early adverse experiences can have a negative effect on children’s attachment representations even after they have been adopted. This study assesses the attachment representations of 61 late-adopted children over the first year of placement, exploring the risk and protective factors of age at placement, length of adoption and gender. The attachment representations were captured using the Manchester Completion Attachment Story Task (MCAST), a doll-play narrative that provides four different attachment classifications – secure, avoidant, ambivalent and disorganised – and three global scorings for disorganisation, mentalising and coherence of mind. The age of adoption was negatively associated with disorganisation, while length of placement was positively correlated with mentalising. Males seemed to be more vulnerable to insecurity and disorganisation than females. The data also suggested that for children placed after the attachment-sensitive phase, the longer the time spent in the adoptive families and being female were protective factors. Moreover, attachment narratives seemed to be a useful tool to explore the inner world of late-adopted children from the first year of placement. (Publisher abstract)

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