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Book

Pathways to the management of mentally ill offenders in the criminal justice system

Authors:
MANNA Adelmo, KUROSAWA Ryosuke, HAMAI Koichi
Publisher:
United Nations. Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
Publication year:
1993
Pagination:
272p.
Place of publication:
Rome

Reviews experiences from a wide range of countries in dealing with people with mental health problems within the criminal justice system.

Journal article

The construction of religious and cultural meaning in Egyptian psychiatric patient charts

Author:
COKER Elizabeth M.
Journal article citation:
Mental Health Religion and Culture, 7(4), December 2004, pp.323-347.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philadelphia, USA

This paper explores the use of religious symbols and metaphors in Egyptian psychiatric inpatient charts to portray psychiatric pathology and, by extension, the role that religious symbols play in constructing psychiatric illnesses. This represents a deconstruction of patient charts, assuming that the psychiatrist chooses aspects of family and patient discourse which best represent unexamined cultural ideas of person and illness, normality and abnormality. All of the psychiatrists writing the charts were Egyptian and shared much of the same cultural background with their patients, excluding their medical training. Therefore, while chart discourse is used to justify a psychiatric diagnosis, it is also the product of a shared cultural history; a tacit agreement about what constitutes a meaningful story. This paper focuses mainly upon discourse that has religious connotations, for the reason that these seemed to be more invested with cultural meaning than other delusional themes. These religious symbols and metaphors are interpreted in light of their symbolic associations with certain existential states, the family unit and with society as a whole.

Book

Mental health services in the global village

Editors:
APPLEBY Louis, ARAYA Ricardo
Publisher:
Gaskell
Publication year:
1991
Pagination:
231p.,tables,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
London

Comparative study of mental health services in 16 countries from both the developed and the developing world. Contains sections on countries from: Asia, Europe, Africa, the Middle East and South and Central America.

Journal article

Cross-national comparison of Middle Eastern university students: help seeking behaviours, attitudes towards helping professionals and cultural beliefs about mental health problems

Authors:
AL-KRENAWI Alean., et al
Journal article citation:
Community Mental Health Journal, 45(1), February 2009, pp.26-36.
Publisher:
Springer

This study is the first to use identical data collection processes and instruments in Egypt, Kuwait, Palestine, and Israeli Arab communities regarding help-seeking behaviours and attitudes towards perceived cultural beliefs about mental health problems. Data is based on a survey sample of 716, undergraduate students in the 4 countries, 61% female and 39% male. Results indicate that respondents within the various countries, based on nationality, gender and level of education, vary in terms of recognition of personal need, beliefs about mental health problems (i.e. stigmatisation), and the use of traditional healing methods versus modern approaches to psychiatric therapy. The conclusion discusses differences between the respondents’ expectations and prevailing mental health service provision and delivery.

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