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Key issues in cross-cultural psychology: selected papers from the Twelfth International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology held in Pamplona-Iruna, Navarra, Spain

GRAD Hector, BLANCO Amalio, GEAORGAS James
Swets and Zeitlinger
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Comparative study looking at a wide range of psychological issues worldwide. Contains papers divided into 6 sections: conceptual and methodological issues; consequences of acculturation; cognitive processes; values; social psychology; and personality, developmental psychology, and health psychology.


Mental health and deviance in inner cities

PARRY-JONES William L.L., QUELOZ Nicolas
World Health Organization
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A collection of research papers, case-studies, and reviews by authors from a wide variety of agencies and organisations. Highlights issues for urgent consideration by governments and municipal authorities. Aims to provide starting points for future research and development of programmes for the care of vulnerable people in urban areas. Includes papers on: African cities; migrant acculturation and mental health; mentally ill offenders; and hospital and community psychiatric care in Italian cities.

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Effects of education and culture on the validity of the Geriatric Mental State and its AGECAT algorithm

PRINCE Martin, et al
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Psychiatry, 185(11), November 2004, pp.429-436.
Royal College of Psychiatrists

The Geriatric Mental State (GMS) is the most widely used psychiatric research assessment for older persons. Evidence for validity comes from the developed world. The aims was to assess the validity of GMS/AGECAT organicity and depression diagnoses in 26 centres in India, China, Latin America and Africa. The authors studied 2941 persons aged 60 years and over: 742 people with dementia and three groups free of dementia (697 with depression, 719 with high and 783 with low levels of education). Local clinicians diagnosed dementia (DSM–IV) and depression (Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale score 18). For dementia diagnosis GMS/AGECAT performed well in many centres but educational bias was evident. Specificity was poor in India and sensitivity sub-optimal in Latin America. A predictive algorithm excluding certain orientation items but including interviewer judgements improved upon the AGECAT algorithm. For depression, sensitivity was high. The EURO–D depression scale, derived from GMS items using European data, has a similar factor structure in Latin America, India and, to a lesser extent, China. Valid, comprehensive mental status assessment across cultures seems achievable in principle.

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