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Journal article

The effectiveness of sensory integration therapy to improve functional behaviour in adults with learning disabilities: five single-case experimental designs

Authors:
URWIN Rosalind, BALLINGER Claire
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68(2), February 2005, pp.56-66.
Publisher:
College of Occupational Therapists

Describes a research project using a single-case experimental design (A-B-A) aiming to explore the impact of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on level of engagement and maladaptive behaviour (measured through timed scores) and function (using Goal Attainment Scaling, GAS) for 5 learning disabled adults with tactile sensory modulation disorder. Each phase lasted 4 weeks and consisted of 24 measurements. Individually tailored SIT was given twice weekly for 4 weeks during the intervention phase (B), immediately prior to each individual's participation in his or her prescribed horticulture task. The changes between phases in engagement, maladaptive behaviours and function scores, measured as the difference between baselines and intervention, were analysed visually and statistically for each participant. The intervention produced significant improvements in engagement for participant 4, with a highly significant deterioration in scores for all 5 on withdrawal of SIT. All participants' maladaptive behaviour decreased significantly on the introduction of SIT. Although there was no significant change to GAS scores for 4 participants, participant 4's score improved significantly with SIT, whose withdrawal resulted in highly significant deterioration in GAS scores for participants 1, 2, 4 and 5. This study may be the first to suggest that SIT is effective in improving functional performance in adults with a learning disability with a tactile sensory modulation disorder.

Journal article

Art therapy and learning disability

Author:
KUCZAJ Ed
Journal article citation:
Mencap News, 45, June 1994, pp.12-13.

Describes how art therapy can help people with learning disabilities.

Journal article

Physiotherapy in learning disability

Author:
FRASER Rita
Journal article citation:
Mencap News, 45, June 1994, pp.4-5.

Shows how physiotherapy can be used with people with learning difficulties.

Book

Achieving high quality community based services for people with learning disabilities in the South West: notes from a workshop for officers leading the process of implementation

Author:
SOUTH WESTERN REGIONAL HEALTH AUTHORITY
Publisher:
South Western Regional Health Authority
Publication year:
1986
Pagination:
76p. + appendices, diags.
Place of publication:
Bristol
Journal article

“Is it because I’m gormless?” A commentary on “Narrative therapy in a learning disability context: a review”

Author:
OLSEN Angela
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 20(3), 2015, pp.130-133.
Publisher:
Emerald

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reflect on “Narrative therapy in a learning disability context: a review”. Design/methodology/approach: This commentary reflects on the use of Narrative therapy and considers it in the wider context of assisting people with learning disabilities to develop self-understanding. The commentary makes connections between the use of Narrative therapy and narrative approaches to research reporting. Findings: The use of Narrative therapy can assist in the development of positive personal stories for individuals with learning disabilities. Case study research provides a useful reference point from which to develop future work. Reporting of case studies sometimes omits data that might be useful for others attempting to replicate findings. Originality/value: This paper highlights the need for authors to ensure that the “small details” are included in research reporting. A narrative approach, rich in detail of research participants might enable authors to tell a “thicker” story, thus improving generalisability. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Is EMDR an effective treatment for people diagnosed with both intellectual disability and post-traumatic stress disorder?

Author:
GILDERTHORP Rosanna C.
Journal article citation:
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 19(1), 2015, pp.58-68.
Publisher:
Sage
Place of publication:
London

This study aimed to critically review all studies that have set out to evaluate the use of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for people diagnosed with both intellectual disability (ID) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Searches of the online databases Psych Info, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, The Cochrane Database of Randomized Control Trials, CINAHL, ASSIA and Medline were conducted. Five studies are described and evaluated. Key positive points include the high clinical salience of the studies and their high external validity. Several common methodological criticisms are highlighted, however, including difficulty in the definition of the terms ID and PTSD, lack of control in design and a lack of consideration of ethical implications. Overall, the articles reviewed indicate cause for cautious optimism about the utility of EMDR with this population. The clinical and research implications of this review are discussed. (Publisher abstract)

Book

Intellectual disabilities: a systemic approach

Editors:
BAUM Sandra, LYNGGAARD Henrik, (eds.)
Publisher:
Karnac
Publication year:
2006
Pagination:
228p., bibliog.
Place of publication:
London

The application of systemic ideas and principles in working with people with intellectual disabilities, their families and their service systems, has grown over the last decade in the UK. This book, for the first time, brings together the writings of a group of practitioners who have been using this approach in their clinical practice. It is hoped it will inspire others to try out different ways of working with people with intellectual disabilities and their wider systems, so that they can have the choice of a wide range of therapeutic approaches. It is also hoped that systemic practitioners who are unfamiliar with this client group might give consideration to extend their practice to also work with people with intellectual disabilities.

Journal article

Do outpatient physiotherapists in Wales have adequate knowledge and experience of intellectual disability

Authors:
LIPSCOMBE Hilary, HALL Elizabeth Ann
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(1), 1995, pp.60-65.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

This study, sought to establish from a sample of 88 outpatient physiotherapists the degree of their knowledge of the All Wales Strategy for the Development of Services for the Mentally Handicapped, the adequacy of their experience and knowledge to treat this particular client group effectively and their attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities.

Journal article

Sexuality training in Occupational Therapy for people with a learning disability, four years on: Policy Guidelines

Author:
THOMPSON Simon B.N.
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 57(7), July 1994, pp.255-258.
Publisher:
College of Occupational Therapists

Four years ago, work was started on a draft policy for use in sexuality training in occupational therapy for people with learning disabilities in a special hospital in Birmingham. Guidelines are presented to provide a practical framework for occupational therapists to develop their own policy according to individual working conditions and issues relevant to their particular client group.

Journal article

Music therapy: the creative self

Author:
STREETER Elaine
Journal article citation:
Mencap News, 45, June 1994, pp.10-11.

Discusses music therapy.

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