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Journal article

Premature deaths - how many could be avoided?

Authors:
MARRIOTT Anna, HESLOP Pauline
Journal article citation:
Community Living, 27(1), 2013, pp.26-27.
Publisher:
Hexagon Publishing

An inquiry into premature deaths among people with learning disabilities revealed that over a third could have been avoided through good quality health care. The authors, who were part of the research team, report on their findings. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Foetal alcohol spectrum disorders: not just another pretty face

Authors:
RILEY Edward P., et al
Journal article citation:
Seen and Heard, 21(4), December 2011, pp.32-50.
Publisher:
NAGALRO
Place of publication:
Esher

This article presents an in-depth analysis of the effect of alcohol as a substance capable of interfering with the development of a foetus, interfering with normal brain development during pregnancy, resulting in birth defects leading to a diagnosis of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) or Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). It analyses the teratogenic effects of alcohol on the brain and behaviour, including brain size, intellectual ability, language and regional brain abnormalities. It also analyses secondary disabilities, including mental health issues and social functioning. In ending, the article argues for the identification of high-risk individuals prior to pregnancy as a preventative measure.

Journal article

Commentary on 'No One Knows: offenders with learning disabilities and learning difficulties'

Author:
MANSELL Jim
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 14(1), February 2009, pp.27-28.
Publisher:
Emerald

In commenting on a paper by Jenny Talbot the author discusses possible reasons for the increase in the number of people with learning disabilities who are in prison. The reason highlighted are a reduction in the scope of social care services, a lack of alternative long-stay institutions and a change in social work activity from casework to care management.

Journal article

Relapse prevention with intellectually disabled sexual offenders

Authors:
KEELING Jenny A., ROSE John L.
Journal article citation:
Sexual Abuse a Journal of Research and Treatment, 17(4), October 2005, pp.407-423.
Publisher:
Sage

This paper discusses the sexual offending characteristics and pathways of intellectually disabled sexual offenders. From a review of the literature, the authors suggests that intellectually disabled sexual offenders may be most likely to offend via the automatic pathway or the avoidant-passive pathway. The potential treatment implications of the self-regulation model for intellectually disabled sexual offenders is discussed, as well as the need for empirical evaluation with regards to the application of this model to the intellectually disabled sexual offender population.

Journal article

Stop the bullying: treat us with respect

Author:
SHARP Hannah
Journal article citation:
Community Living, 13(1), July 1999, pp.8-9.
Publisher:
Hexagon Publishing

A recent campaign by Mencap and Enable revealed a startling amount of bullying and harassment of people with learning difficulties with little action being taken by the agencies. Looks at some of the findings and recommendations and says that action by both national organisations and local groups is urgently needed to combat the problem.

Journal article

Untapped potential

Author:
TOWELL David
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 25.2.99, 1999, p.7.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

The author argues that the welter of new government initiatives could do more to help people whose learning difficulties put them at risk of social exclusion.

Journal article

When anger is a cry for help

Author:
LALLY Jean
Journal article citation:
Community Living, 2(1), July 1988, pp.16-17.
Publisher:
Hexagon Publishing

Examines the causes of anger and violent behaviour in people with learning difficulties and provides a check list for prevention.

Journal article

‘Planning live’: using a person-centred intervention to reduce admissions to and length of stay in learning disability inpatient facilities

Authors:
BARTLE Janet, CROSSLAND Tom, HEWITT Olivia
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 44 (4), 2016, pp.277-283.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Background: Recent government policy has focused on reducing the number of people with a learning disability receiving treatment for challenging behaviour or mental health difficulties in hospitals (including in assessment and treatment units; ATU). People with a learning disability should be supported to remain in their community when receiving support for challenging behaviour or mental health difficulties whenever possible. Methods: This study considered a novel intervention based on person-centred planning practice, which aimed to coordinate a person's support, identify outstanding needs and increase communication. This intervention intended to reduce rates of inpatient admission, and support the person to remain in their community, whilst ensuring their needs are met. This intervention was assessed by considering the number of people admitted to the inpatient services before and after the intervention, the length of inpatient admissions before and after the intervention, and by analysing qualitative feedback from participants in the intervention. Results: ‘Planning Live’ meetings were held for 102 people. Forty-five meetings were held retrospectively following an emergency admission. Following the ‘Planning Live’ meeting, five people had a planned admission and 52 people did not have an inpatient admission. The median length of inpatient stay fell from 143.5 days before the introduction of ‘Planning Live’ to 66 days (a statistically significant reduction). Qualitative feedback shows that the process was largely seen as helpful by professionals, families and individuals taking part in the meetings. Conclusions: The results suggest this person-centred intervention contributed towards a reduction in the amount of time individuals stayed in hospital. However, the total number of hospital admissions rose following the intervention. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Commentary: our children deserve better

Author:
EMERSON Eric
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 19(4), 2014, pp.190-193.
Publisher:
Emerald

Comments on the paper “Early intervention for children with learning disabilities: making use of what we know” by Nick Gore, Richard Hastings and Serena Brady. lt places the arguments made by Gore et al. in a broader scientific and policy context. It finds the arguments to support increased investment in early intervention and prevention presented to be fully consistent with the broader scientific literature on prevention and the required future direction of English health policy. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Towards the prevention of behavioural and psychiatric disorders in people with intellectual disabilities

Authors:
ALLEN David, et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 26(6), 2013, pp.501-514.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Intervention for behavioural and psychiatric disorders in people with intellectual disabilities often only takes place once these conditions are well established and more resistant to change. As an alternative, this paper promotes a public health prevention model and maps out opportunities for intervention at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. The resulting model is partly derived from generic research into these issues and partly on specific evidence on interventions for people with intellectual disabilities; it also contains more theoretical considerations. The additional research that is necessary to demonstrate the efficacy of the interventions identified is also considered. Central to this proposal is a greater integration of issues for people with intellectual disabilities within much broader policy and research agendas. (Publisher abstract)

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