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Book Full text available online for free

Supported internships

Author:
GREAT BRITAIN. Department for Education
Publisher:
Great Britain. Department for Education
Publication year:
2014
Pagination:
63
Place of publication:
London

This guide explains what supported internships are and why they have been introduced. It also provides practical advice on developing, implementing and delivering supported internships, including information on funding, programme design, staffing, and the various partnerships on which supported internships are founded. The advice draws heavily on the experiences of the 15 colleges who took part in the 2012/13 supported internship trial set up by the Department for Education. It also draws on the experiences of other providers who have been running programmes to support young people with learning difficulties and/or disabilities into employment. The advice has been designed to provide a comprehensive introduction to supported internships and to allow users to dip into individual sections of particular interest. It is divided into broad sections which include: planning and designing supported internships; job coaching; recruiting and engaging interns; working with parents and carers; working with employers; achieving positive progression; and funding. (Edited publisher abstract)

Book

Sexuality and relationships in the lives of people with intellectual disabilities: standing in my shoes

Editors:
CHAPMAN Rohhss, LEDGER Sue, TOWNSON Louise
Publisher:
Jessica Kingsley
Publication year:
2014
Pagination:
230
Place of publication:
London

This book offers an account of the challenges those with intellectual disabilities face in their sexuality and relationships and explores what society needs to do to respect their rights. Drawing extensively on personal experiences, it paints a picture of the range of sexualities and relationships people want and shows how sexuality has been managed and controlled in different countries. It explores a range of issues such as rights, resilience, protection, sexual oppression and the lack of privacy for those living in care institutions. Co-edited and with contributions by people with intellectual disabilities and allies, this book provides insight into a morally, ethically and legally complex area and will be of help to people with intellectual disabilities, their advocates, families and supporters; and to social care managers, social workers, and other professionals working in the field as well as academic researchers and students. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Commentary on “gender disorders in learning disabilities: a systematic review”

Author:
THOMPSON David
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 19(4), 2014, pp.166-169.
Publisher:
Emerald

Commenting on a review by Ellena Wood and Neel Halder where the gender of people with learning disabilities is contensted, this paper begins by taking a step back by exploring what is gender. The author discusses the gender identity of people with learning disabilities as a precursor to considerations of gender dysphoria, supported by illustrations from the literature. A limited amount of research on gender identity for people with learning disabilities is available. It ends by highlighting some of the key findings of the review which could benefit from further consideration. The author calls for a need to look at how men with Klinefelter's syndrome and learning disabilities are supported in relation to common female sexual characteristics. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Gender disorders in learning disability: a systematic review

Authors:
WOOD Ellena, HALDER Neel
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 19(4), 2014, pp.158-165.
Publisher:
Emerald

This study systematically reviewed all the published papers about individuals with both a learning disability and/or autistic spectrum disorder and a gender disorder. The review focused on aetiology, treatment and management. The databases searched were MEDLINE, EMBASE, PYSCHINFO, CINAHL, HBE, HMIC, AMED and BMI. English language papers from 1980 onwards were included as this was the year of the introduction of GID to the ICD-10. Gender disorders were taken to include the following: gender identity disorder (GID), transsexualism, cross-dressing, transvestitism or a gender-related sexual disorder. In total, 16 papers described 43 individuals meeting the inclusion criteria. There was a dearth of guidance on appropriate treatment or management. This review points towards the need for more research needed in this area. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article Full text available online for free

Positive group psychotherapy modified for adults with intellectual disabilities

Author:
TOMASULO Daniel J
Journal article citation:
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 18(4), 2014, pp.337-350.
Publisher:
Sage
Place of publication:
London

Mental health problems are more prevalent among people with intellectual disabilities than in the general population. There is mounting evidence to show that adults with a dual diagnosis can find help through group therapy and have more productive and meaningful lives with improved relationships. This article focuses on a review of evidence for interactive behavioural therapy, a widely used model of group psychotherapy for people with intellectual disabilities and mental health problems, and reviews the modifications drawn from the field of positive psychology and positive psychotherapy being incorporated into the model. A sample of a modified positive intervention, the virtual gratitude visit, is explained and suggestions for future research are given. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

A preliminary study into the relationship between emotional perception ability and challenging behaviour in adults with an intellectual disability

Author:
DAVIES Bronwen
Journal article citation:
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 18(4), 2014, pp.382-392.
Publisher:
Sage
Place of publication:
London

To explore the relationships between challenging behaviour and emotional perception in a population of adults with intellectual disabilities, cross-sectional data were collected from 96 people with intellectual disabilities and 95 carers. The service user participants completed the Emotional Perception Questionnaire, whilst carers completed the Checklist for Challenging Behaviour. Correlational analyses were employed to analyse relationships between the variables. A post hoc between-group analysis was conducted to compare the emotional recognition abilities of people with high-frequency challenging behaviour with those with low-frequency challenging behaviour. Significant negative associations were found between emotional perception and challenging behaviour frequency and management difficulty. Significant differences in emotional perception abilities were found between people with high frequency and those with low-frequency challenging behaviours. The study suggests that emotional perception is important in understanding challenging behaviour. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Experiences of people with learning disabilities in the criminal justice system

Authors:
HYUN Elly, HAHN Lyndsey, McCONNELL David
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42(4), 2014, pp.308-314.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

The aim of this review is to synthesise findings from research about the experiences of people with learning disabilities who have faced arrest and jail time. After an extensive search of the literature, four relevant articles were found. The first-person accounts presented in these four studies were pooled, and a thematic analysis was undertaken. Three common themes were identified: (i) study participants did not understand what was happening to them, or why, (ii) they felt alone, and they did not know where to turn, or to whom for support and (iii) they were uncertain about what to say or do. Overall, the findings raise concerns about the treatment of people with learning disabilities in the criminal justice system and their access to procedural justice. Further research is needed to improve understanding of their experiences and support needs. There is unequivocal evidence that persons with learning disabilities are over-represented in the prison population. To date however, few studies have investigated their first-hand experience, including their experiences of being interrogated, of standing trial, serving time and transitioning back into the community. The purpose of this review is to draw what insights we can from the limited available data and to identify directions for future research. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Deciding what to research: an overview of a participatory workshop

Authors:
NORTHWAY Ruth, et al
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42(4), 2014, pp.323-327.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

This paper discusses how a participatory workshop with people with learning disabilities was held to try and identify priority areas for research. It is hoped that by sharing these experiences, other people will be encouraged to try similar approaches. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Health disparities of adults with intellectual disabilities: what do we know? What do we do?

Authors:
KRAHN Gloria L., FOX Michael H.
Journal article citation:
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 27(5), 2014, pp.431-446.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Background: Building on historical context, the paper summarises what is known about health disparities from reports and research and provides direction on what to do to reduce these disparities among adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods: The present authors examined literature from 2002 to 2011 on health disparities and people with disabilities looking for broad themes on documenting disparities and on research approaches and methods. Results: Multiple countries published reports on health of people with intellectual disabilities. Researchers summarized existing research within a health disparities framework. A number of promising methodologies are identified such as health services research, health indicators, enhanced surveillance and mixed-methods. Conclusions: Strategies to reduce health disparities include use of data to educate decision makers, attention to social determinants and a life-course model and emphasis on leveraging inclusion in mainstream services where possible. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Accessible information reconceived

Author:
OLDREIVE Warren
Journal article citation:
Learning Disability Today, 14(5), September/October 2014, pp.22-24.
Publisher:
Pavilion
Place of publication:
Hove

The authors discuss the provision of accessible information to people with learning disabilities.They illustrate the importance of considering issues other than format, and argue that it should be a holistic person-centred process if it is to be truly effective. This process should begin by understanding what the person needs to understand and how much detail is required. There is also a need to agree and set information targets which outline what a person should be able to understand at a given point. As well as being written in an accessible way, the information should also be available when required. Involving people in developing material will also increase the chances of success. (Publisher abstract)

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