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Journal article

Jobs for the boys - and girls

Author:
CANHAM Kathy
Journal article citation:
Learning Disability Today, December 2008, pp.16-18.
Publisher:
Pavilion
Place of publication:
Hove

The Realistic Opportunities for Supported Employment (ROSE) project run by Havering College in Essex places people with learning disabilities into paid employment and supports them until they feel able to hold down the job. ROSE has an 80% success rate. This article looks at how the project works.

Journal article

Resisting having learning disabilities by managing relative abilities

Authors:
MCVITTIE Chris, GOODALL Karen E., MCKINLAY Andy
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 36(4), December 2008, pp.256-262.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Previous research has shown that identities and the attributes from which identities are inferred are negotiated within social interaction and language. The identity of having learning disabilities is commonly associated with ascriptions of lesser abilities than other people, and in turn might be inferred from such abilities. This study examines how individuals, potentially ascribed with an identity of having learning disabilities, discursively manage the ascription of abilities and disabilities relative to other people. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with eight individuals attending a community centre in Edinburgh categorised as having learning disabilities. Interview transcripts were coded for all references to relative abilities and analysed using discourse analysis. The participants displayed three orientations towards abilities, namely (i) ascribing deficits to 'others', (ii) resisting comparisons of deficit and (iii) claiming 'normal' attributes. For the participants, these negotiations of relative abilities provide ways of managing specific aspects of identities associated with learning disabilities.

Journal article

People with a learning disability as home owners

Author:
WORKMAN Ansley
Journal article citation:
Llais, 90, Winter 2008, pp.3-6.
Publisher:
Learning Disability Wales

The author explains work going on in Wales to provide home ownership options for people with learning disabilities. The article discusses variations of the shared ownership housing model.

Journal article

Intellectual disability in homeless adults: a prevalence study

Authors:
OAKES Peter M., DAVIES Ros C.
Journal article citation:
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 12(4), December 2008, pp.325-334.
Publisher:
Sage
Place of publication:
London

There has been considerable recent interest in the health and associated socio-economic inequalities faced by adults with learning disabilities. A serious and so far under-reported aspect of this is homelessness. This study sought to determine the prevalence of intellectual disability in a homeless population. Fifty people registered at a general practice in north-east England for socially excluded groups, and staying in temporary accommodation for the homeless during 2006-7, were assessed for learning disability. Full-scale and verbal IQ scores for the group were significantly lower than would be expected in the general population, but there was no significant difference in performance IQ. Homeless people are significantly more likely to have an intellectual disability than the general population. The implications for practice and policy development are far reaching. Further work is required to confirm these findings and to explore the experience of homeless people with intellectual disability.

Journal article

Supported employment for people with learning disabilities: the case of full-time work

Author:
McINALLY George
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 13(3), October 2008, pp.42-46.
Publisher:
Emerald

North Lanarkshire Council's supported employment has achieved a reputation for delivering full-time work for people who have learning disabilities. Since 1999, the service has accessed 175 jobs, and current supports 127 individuals who work more than 16 hours a week. This article describes how the approach taken by North Lanarkshire can be adopted by other authorities.

Journal article

Beyond normalization and impairment: theorizing subjectivity in learning difficulties - theory and practice

Authors:
YATES Scott, DYSON Simon, HILES Dave
Journal article citation:
Disability and Society, 23(3), May 2008, pp.247-258.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis,

Normalization and social role valorization continue to play a central role in shaping debates and practice relating to learning difficulties. In the context of recent arguments this paper draws on the work of Foucault to deconstruct these theories. Foucault's work alerts us to a conceptual confusion at their heart which reproduces a common but problematic individual-society dualism. There is an implicit, and problematic, presence in the theories of a pre-social individual conceived as having essential impairments and who is passive in the face of negative socialization. The authors propose that Foucault's 'ethical' domain of inquiry, with its concern for how people actively understand themselves and govern their conduct in relation to specific values and a 'truth' that they are obliged to recognize in themselves, provides the basis for returning the individual-as-subject to theories in an active, critical manner.

Journal article

Chopping and changing

Author:
-
Journal article citation:
Viewpoint, May 2008, pp.30-31.
Publisher:
Mencap/Gateway

Chopsticks is a not-for-profit supported employment scheme in Northallerton that converts wood that no-one else wants and sells it on to local business and people as a carbon-neutral source of fuel. This article presents an overview of the enterprise with employs people with learning disabilities.

Journal article

Reflections on deinstitutionalization in the United Kingdom

Authors:
HAMLIN Alexandra, OAKES Peter
Journal article citation:
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 5(1), 2008, pp.47-55.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Deinstitutionalization has been the hallmark of public policy for people with intellectual disabilities within many countries in the developed world for the past 40 years. Although within Britain deinstitutionalization is set to be completed by the end of 2008, beyond the simple closure of hospitals, the success of this initiative can at best be seen as uncertain. Although huge structural change has been achieved, the initiative's outcomes in terms of reduced distress, mainstreamed services, and enriched networks of relationships, require further examination. In order to reinstate the possibility of transformation in the lives of people with intellectual disabilities, it is necessary to return to an analysis of the relationship between people with intellectual disabilities, their supporters, formal services, and the community as a whole. One way of reflecting on these relationships is through an examination of the discourses that characterize them. The authors reflect on the themes of protection, power and humanity, and the manner in which these have survived the physical closure of long-term care hospitals. The continuation of deinstitutionalization is understood as requiring consideration of the institution in terms of the discourses that were prevalent within it. The transformation of services now depends on changes within these discourses and change now needs to be focused on relationships that challenge institutional discourses.

Journal article

Eating disorders and eating distress in people with learning disability

Authors:
STEWART Lorna, ROBSON Rick
Journal article citation:
Community Connecting, 12, January 2008, pp.17-18.
Publisher:
Community Connecting

The authors present an overview of factors affecting eating disorders and eating distress in people with a learning disability.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Supporting self-advocacy

Author:
SOCIAL CARE INSTITUTE FOR EXCELLENCE
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 31.01.08, 2008, pp.34-35.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

This article draws on SCIE's 'Position Paper 6: Supporting Self-Advocacy' to highlight how best to support self-advocacy services for people with learning disabilities.

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