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Journal

Llais

Publisher:
Learning Disability Wales

Llais is a bi-lingual quarterly journal in Welsh and English which aims to  spread information, highlight good practice, and raise discussion around promoting the right to an ordinary life for people with a learning disability. It covers new service developments and the latest thinking on all aspects of life, from housing to employment for people with learning disabilities in Wales. This journal is indexed and abstracted selectively on Social Care Online.

Journal article

People with a learning disability as home owners

Author:
WORKMAN Ansley
Journal article citation:
Llais, 90, Winter 2008, pp.3-6.
Publisher:
Learning Disability Wales

The author explains work going on in Wales to provide home ownership options for people with learning disabilities. The article discusses variations of the shared ownership housing model.

Journal article

The times they are a changing

Author:
GILKES John
Journal article citation:
Llais, 76, Spring 2005, pp.3-5.
Publisher:
Learning Disability Wales

The author explains why the SCOVO, Standing Conference of Voluntary Organisations for people with a learning disability in Wales, is preparing to change its name, its image and constitution.

Journal article

Partners in politics

Authors:
WARNER Karen, CROCKER Wayne
Journal article citation:
Llais, 75, Winter 2005, pp.6-8.
Publisher:
Learning Disability Wales

In 2004 12 people with a learning disability from Mencap Cymru, south east Wales, took part in a successful European Commission-funded project, 'Diversity in Dialogue', involving Wales, Ireland, Portugal and Denmark, to help such people become more politically active.

Book

The All-Wales mental handicap strategy: framework for development from April 1993

Author:
GREAT BRITAIN. Welsh Office
Publisher:
Great Britain. Welsh Office
Publication year:
1992
Pagination:
11p.
Place of publication:
Cardiff
Journal article

Wales keeps the lead

Author:
MARCHANT Catriona
Journal article citation:
Community Care, 8.8.91, 1991, p.7.
Publisher:
Reed Business Information

The Secretary of State for Wales has published proposals for the development of the All-Wales Mental Handicap Strategy beyond 1993.

Journal article

Down syndrome: systematic review of the prevalence and nature of presentation of unipolar depression

Authors:
WALTON Catherine, KERR Mike
Journal article citation:
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 9(4), 2015, pp.151-162.
Publisher:
Emerald

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess the prevalence and nature of presentation of unipolar depression in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Design/methodology/approach: The PRISMA (2009) checklist for systematic review was followed where possible. Findings: Eight studies were included in the qualitative synthesis from a total of 634 records identified. The quality of the studies was then assessed: the studies all scored either 5 or 6 out of 6. The incidence of depression ranged between studies from 5 to 13 per cent. It was found that depression is more common in DS than the general intellectual disability population; this on a background of mental ill health of all causes being less common in DS. It was suggested that, excluding organic disorders, depression is the most common psychiatric problem in DS. In terms of the nature of depression, the evidence was less clear. Various “vegetative” and biological symptoms were observed, with no fixed pattern. There was evidence for withdrawal symptoms and psychosis. Research limitations/implications: The small number of studies included in this review, and their heterogeneity, highlights the need for further original research in this field. Practical implications: - An increased awareness of the frequency of depression in individuals with DS will aid in a timely diagnosis, therefore reduce psychiatric morbidity. Clinicians should be aware of the varied presentation, with no clear clinical picture, in order to maintain a high index of suspicion in an individual presenting with “atypical” symptoms. Originality/value This review has provided preliminary evidence that depression may be the most commonly experienced psychiatric disorder in DS. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Application of community treatment orders (CTOs) in adults with intellectual disability and mental disorders

Authors:
GUPTA Jaya, et al
Journal article citation:
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 9(4), 2015, pp.196-205.
Publisher:
Emerald

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore use of community treatment orders (CTOs) in adults with intellectual disability (ID) and mental health problems across England and Wales. Design/methodology/approach: A web-based exploratory survey was sent to 359 consultants on the database of the Faculty of the Psychiatry of ID, Royal College of Psychiatrists who had declared ID as their main speciality. Socio-demographic details of responding consultants, clinical characteristics of adults with ID on CTO, subjective views of consultants on using CTOs in people with ID were collected and analysed. Findings: In total, 94 consultant questionnaires were returned providing information on 115 patients detained under CTO. More than 75 per cent of the respondents had used CTO in their clinical practice. Patients subject to CTO were generally young, white males with mild ID and living in supported accommodation. CTOs were primarily used in situations of non-engagement (52.2 per cent), non-compliance with medication (47 per cent) or non-compliance with social care supports (49.6 per cent). Practical implications: Responding consultants expressed concerns about encroachment of civil liberties and ethics of using CTOs in people with ID who may lack capacity and stressed that decision to use CTOs needs to be therefore done on individual basis. Originality/value: This is the first national study to examine the practice of applying CTOs in adults with ID and mental disorders. Current practice is based on evidence from research done in adults with normal intelligence. Further research is needed to investigate the utility of CTOs in routine clinical practice in adults with ID and mental disorders. (Publisher abstract)

Journal article

Deciding what to research: an overview of a participatory workshop

Authors:
NORTHWAY Ruth, et al
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42(4), 2014, pp.323-327.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

This paper discusses how a participatory workshop with people with learning disabilities was held to try and identify priority areas for research. It is hoped that by sharing these experiences, other people will be encouraged to try similar approaches. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

Trends in age-standardised mortality rates and life expectancy of people with learning disabilities in Sheffield over a 33-year period

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, et al
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 19(2), 2014, pp.90-95.
Publisher:
Emerald

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe trends in the age-standardised mortality rate and life expectancy of people with learning disabilities in Sheffield over three decades and to compare these with trends in the general population of England and Wales. Design/methodology/approach: Data were extracted from the Sheffield Case Register and compared with data published by the Office for National Statistics for England and Wales. Findings: There was a sustained reduction in age-standardised mortality rates and a sustained increase in life expectancy for people with intellectual disabilities over the 33-year period. These changes are extremely similar to those observed in the general population of England and Wales. Originality/value: There is little evidence of any closing of the gap in age-standardised mortality rates or life expectancy between people with intellectual disabilities and the general population. (Publisher abstract)

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