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Journal article

Ageing and health status in adults with intellectual disabilities: results of the European Pomona II study

Authors:
HAVEMAN Meindert, et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 36(1), March 2011, pp.49-60.
Publisher:
Informa Healthcare

POMONA II was a European Commission funded public health project collecting information from 14 countries using a set of key health indicators specifically relevant for people with intellectual disabilities. This research focused on age-specific differences relating to environmental and lifestyle factors and the 17 medical conditions measured by the POMONA Checklist of Health Indicators. The article describes how information was collected using the POMONA Health Interview Survey and Evaluation Form from a sample of 1,253 participants in Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom. It then presents the results of the analysis, with tables showing characteristics of people with intellectual disabilities in the study, frequency of social contacts with relatives or friends according to age, lifestyle risk factors in people with intellectual disabilities according to age, and general and age-specific prevalence rates of health problems. The authors discuss how healthy older adults with intellectual disabilities are with regard to lifestyle factors, and whether there are health disparities between older adults with and without intellectual disabilities. They note that some evidence of health disparities was found for older people with intellectual disabilities, particularly in terms of under diagnosed or inadequately managed preventable health conditions.

Journal article

Institutions remain dumping grounds for forgotten people

Author:
TAVANIER Yana Buhrer
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 15(2), April 2010, pp.4-14.
Publisher:
Emerald

This article highlights a study conducted undercover in institutions for adults with intellectual and mental health disabilities in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia. It found evidence of human rights abuses, inhuman and degrading treatment, and severe neglect. The author suggests that reform is coming too slowly to institutions for adults with intellectual and mental health disabilities in these countries, where chronic neglect, filthy conditions, and the use of physical restraints and high-dosage drugs to control behaviour remain routine. The author describes, from a personal perspective, many of the failings in the care system with the three countries, and highlights how much of the abuse is conducted behind closed doors, in an effort to hide the true extent of the problem – which, if disclosed, may have ramifications for EU grants to these countries.

Journal article

Fostering social engagement in Romanian children with communicative impairments: the experiences of newly trained practitioners of Intensive Interaction

Author:
ZEEDYK Suzanne
Journal article citation:
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 37(3), September 2009, pp.186-196.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

The experiences of practitioners using an interactive intervention as a means of promoting social engagement for individuals with communicative impairments is examined. Written reflections provided by 12 newly trained practitioners (young people working as volunteers for a two week period) were analysed. A thematic analysis indicated that one hour's training in Intensive Interaction was sufficient for (i) enabling trainees to identify key changes in children's engagement (e.g. increased attention to partner, decreased distress) and (ii) strengthening trainees' sense of connection to the children. If such brief training sessions are effective in improving communicative interactions, this offers benefits to health and education service providers seeking to implement communicative intervention programmes. While interactive approaches have potential in all regions, they may be particularly valuable in countries such as Romania, which face monumental financial challenges in improving standards of childcare.

Journal article

Pentru Voi Fundatia: interdisciplinary community development using social enterprise in Romania

Authors:
ERSING Robin L., et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Community Practice, 15(1/2), 2007, pp.193-215.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Place of publication:
Philapelphia, USA

The Pentru Voi Fundatia (For You Foundation) is a private, non-governmental organisation dedicated to improving the quality of life for adults with intellectual disabilities in Timisoara, a city in western Romania. It is based on a model of sustainable inter-disciplinary community development which seeks to improve the general welfare of the community while also providing services to a specific vulnerable population. The Pentru Voi Bakery is one of many inter-disciplinary initiatives, providing real employment for mentally handicapped adults and a valued service for a local community. At the same time it has served to help break down continuing the stigma attached to mental handicap. (Copies of this article are available from: Haworth Document Delivery Centre, Haworth Press Inc., 10 Alice Street,  Binghamton, NY 13904-1580).

Journal article

An orphanage for learning disabled children: evaluating the changes

Author:
JONES Anne M.
Journal article citation:
Practice: Social Work in Action, 11(2), 1999, pp.59-71.
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis

This article evaluates the difference a charity, the Oxfordshire Relief Fund for Romanian Children, has made for learning disabled children in an orphanage in Romania.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Romania: legislation and provision of services for people with a mental handicap

Authors:
BRANDON David, et al
Journal article citation:
Social Work in Europe, 5(2), 1998, pp.55-58.
Publisher:
Russell House

Looks at the experience of parents, carers and workers in accessing and understanding current legislation for people with a mental handicap in Romania.

Journal article

Assessing psychosocial work-related stress across five European countries: implications for workforce development

Authors:
DENNY Margaret, WELLS John, CUNNINGHAM Jennifer
Journal article citation:
Journal of Mental Health Training Education and Practice, 6(2), 2011, pp.93-103.
Publisher:
Emerald

The European Union's social and employment policy emphasises that member states should develop workforce development policies that combat work-related stress. However there is little comparative information on the nature of psychosocial job strain and the experiences of staff working in the vocational rehabilitative sector in mental health and intellectual disabilities. This paper reports the findings of a small-scale study, using a cross-sectional job content questionnaire (JCQ) and focus groups, to explore psychosocial job stress among managers and support workers in five European countries. Findings from the JCQ showed that just under 20 percent of the sample exhibited symptoms of job stress. The focus groups identified the key stressors as: balancing work demands with time available to carry out tasks; poor communication within organisations; and feeling unsupported in one's work. As a result of this work, which is part of the Reducing Occupational Stress Employment Project (ROSE), it was found that there are no national or European data collected upon which to base effective interventions to combat occupational stress and no effective mechanisms in the workplace to deal with occupational stress for professionals working in this sector. Based on the findings, a web site was developed that provides information to managers, trainers, and support workers to manage personal and organisational stressors and raise awareness of the issue.

Book

Dimensions of learning disability

Editors:
GATES Bob, PEACOCK Colin
Publisher:
Bailliere Tindall
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
394p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
London

Focuses on the health aspects of services for people with learning difficulties, and on the role nurses have to play within this. Contains sections on: the nature of learning disability; health and learning disability; educational dimensions; biological dimensions; psychosocial dimensions; cultural and spiritual aspects; political and economic dimensions; national and international issues; and contemporary and new horizons in learning disability research.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Knee jerk journalism about social work in Romania and Britain

Author:
JACK Raymond
Journal article citation:
Social Work in Europe, 3(1), 1996, pp.40-42.
Publisher:
Russell House

Gives an optimistic account of the present state of social work and social welfare in Romania. Looks in particular at recent initiatives in social work education which are helping to re-assert social work as a profession in Romania which has the respect of its population. Also argues that social work in the UK could benefit from a more supportive environment.

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