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Journal article

Effects of vocational training on a group of people with intellectual disabilities

Authors:
GOMES-MACHADO Maria Luiza, et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 13(1), 2016, pp.33-40.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Intellectual disability (ID) is the most restraining disability for professional inclusion, mainly due to the lack of adaptive skills focused on the work environment observed in people with ID. The aims of this study were (i) to describe and analyse the effects of a vocational training program on the adaptive behaviour of people with ID and (ii) to evaluate the social impact of employability on the life of the employees with ID. Participants were 43 people with mild or moderate ID, age between 18 and 28 years. The Supports Intensity Scale was applied at two stages: T1-Pretraining and T2-Posttraining, while the Social Impact Questionnaire was used at the third stage, after employment (T3 Postinclusion). The authors found that there were differences in total scores between stages T1 and T2 in relation to all the adaptive skills assessed, with a reduction of around 50% in the need for support. One year after inclusion in the labour market (T3), participants were still employed, with significant improvements in such aspects as learning, autonomy, affective and social development, as well as in family and community relations. The vocational training contributed to the global development of persons, favouring their professional inclusion, and as a result, sustenance, autonomy, and a decrease in the need for assistance and support. (Edited publisher abstract)

Journal article

The recognition of web pages' hyperlinks by people with intellectual disabilities: an evaluation study

Authors:
ROCHA Tânia, et al
Journal article citation:
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 25(6), November 2012, pp.542-552.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

The initiative for Web Accessibility (WAI) has defined a set of guidelines for designers concerned with accessibility issues. However, research has shown that these guidelines are insufficient to ensure people with intellectual disabilities have proper internet access. One of the most mentioned problems of web accessibility is related to the difficulty regarding the perception of what is or is not clickable in a web page. This study aimed to investigate the recognition of hyperlinks by people with intellectual disabilities, specifically asking whether hyperlinks in navigation menus are more perceptible with text or with images. The methodology was based on the direct observation, video recording, interview and data obtained by an eye tracker device. Ten participants with intellectual disabilities were divided into 2 groups and asked to perform 2 tasks in 2 websites. The first website presented an image navigation menu (INM), whereas the other one showed a text navigation menu (TNM). The tasks required each group to alternatively interact with the 2 different layouts. The findings clearly showed that images were more comprehensible than text, especially for the participants with reading difficulties.

Journal article Full text available online for free

Giving voice to persons with intellectual disabilities about family quality of life

Authors:
CORREIA Raquel Alveirinho, SEABRA-SANTOS Maria Joao, PINTO Paula Campos
Journal article citation:
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 14(1), 2017, pp.59-67.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

The major purpose of this study was to give voice to persons with intellectual disabilities (ID), and to explore their perspectives about their family quality of life (FQoL). Four focus groups were conducted with 17 men and women with ID (mild and moderate), aged between 16 and 53 years old. Full transcriptions of the focus group discussions were analyzed with the NVivo 10 software. The findings showed that persons with ID identify family relationships as the most important dimension for FQoL and that some differences between younger and older participants existed. Ethical and practical challenges, as well as the implications for research and intervention are discussed. The inclusion of individuals with ID as informants in research is a way to value their point of view, empower them, and recognise the knowledge that they are able to bring to research. (Edited publisher abstract)

Book

Sheltered employment in five member states of the Council of Europe: Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland

Authors:
SAMOY Erik, WATERPLAS Lina
Publisher:
Council of Europe
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
67p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Strasbourg

Comparative study looking at the situation of sheltered employment in the twelve Member States of the European Union. The data for each country is grouped under the following headings: institutional context; target population; access to sheltered employment; characteristics of the people in sheltered employment; and a discussion of the topics currently under debate around sheltered employment in each country.

Book

The child in the world of tomorrow: the next generation

Editors:
NAKOU Sheena, PANTELAKIS Stefanos
Publisher:
Pergamon
Publication year:
1996
Pagination:
496p.,bibliogs.
Place of publication:
Kidlington

Aims to provide an inter-disciplinary projection of the factors affecting the lives of Europe's children in the coming decade. Includes chapters on: childhood and the demographic transition; family trends and children's futures; family in society in transition; the mother-child relationship as a component of mental health; the role of fathers; psychological and ethical issues in assisted reproduction; communication and the special child; growing up in a violent family; family and employment; the child and the environment (including urban areas, quality of life, and education and recreation); children and education (including issues of literacy, incorporating children with learning difficulties into mainstream schooling; social exclusion in Greece; education for parenthood; children and health (including genetic advances, AIDS and children, community psychology, and health services for children in Portugal); and social policy for Europe's children. Concludes with a section on the future of Europe's children.

Book

European social services

Editor:
MUNDAY Brian
Publisher:
University of Kent. European Institute of Social Services
Publication year:
1993
Pagination:
401p.
Place of publication:
Canterbury

Detailed account of social services in the twelve member states of the European Community. Contains sections on: organisation, responsibility and finance for social services; preventative services; children and families; elderly people; people with disabilities; addictions; illnesses; AIDS/HIV; socially excluded people; young people; services for migrants; names and addresses of major public and private social services agencies.

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