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Book

Residential provision for people with learning disabilities: summary report

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, et al
Publisher:
University of Manchester. Hester Adrian Research Centre
Publication year:
1996
Pagination:
19p.,bibliog.
Place of publication:
Manchester

Summary of a review, commissioned by the Department of Health, of residential provision for people with learning difficulties. The review aims to: produce a summary of existing research relating to the cost, quality and differing forms of residential provision in the UK; to utilise the 1991 Census to describe current provision; to begin to map out, through consultation and visits, the defining characteristics and differing approaches to residential provision; and to generate a list of recommendations concerning the conduct of future research into the subject.

Book Full text available online for free

Commissioning person-centred, cost-effective, local support for people with learning disabilities

Authors:
SOCIAL CARE INSTITUTE FOR EXCELLENCE, EMERSON Eric, et al
Publisher:
Social Care Institute for Excellence
Publication year:
2008
Pagination:
54p.
Place of publication:
London

SCIE knowledge review on commissioning person-centred, cost-effective, local support for people with learning disabilities who are labelled as having complex needs and/or challenging behaviour. This review addresses concerns about the number of adults with learning disabilities receiving various forms of supported accommodation services who are living away from the communities to which they belong (ie, are ‘placed out-of-area’).

Journal article

Trends in age-standardised mortality rates and life expectancy of people with learning disabilities in Sheffield over a 33-year period

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, et al
Journal article citation:
Tizard Learning Disability Review, 19(2), 2014, pp.90-95.
Publisher:
Emerald

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe trends in the age-standardised mortality rate and life expectancy of people with learning disabilities in Sheffield over three decades and to compare these with trends in the general population of England and Wales. Design/methodology/approach: Data were extracted from the Sheffield Case Register and compared with data published by the Office for National Statistics for England and Wales. Findings: There was a sustained reduction in age-standardised mortality rates and a sustained increase in life expectancy for people with intellectual disabilities over the 33-year period. These changes are extremely similar to those observed in the general population of England and Wales. Originality/value: There is little evidence of any closing of the gap in age-standardised mortality rates or life expectancy between people with intellectual disabilities and the general population. (Publisher abstract)

Book Full text available online for free

The estimated prevalence of visual impairment among people with learning disabilities in the UK

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, ROBERTSON Janet
Publisher:
Public Health England
Publication year:
2011
Pagination:
35p.
Place of publication:
London

It has been known for some time that visual impairments are more common among people with learning disabilities, especially people with more severe learning disabilities, and that the presence of visual impairments can significantly impair the independence and quality of life of people with learning disabilities. The aim of this report is to estimate how many people with learning disabilities in the UK are likely to have visual impairments. The report suggests that, at present, approximately 50,000 people with learning disabilities who are known to services in the UK have visual impairment. An additional 15,000 are blind. Whilst most children with learning disabilities are known to services, not all adults with learning disabilities are known to adult health or social care learning disabilities services – it is estimated that there may be an additional 44,000 adults with learning disabilities and visual impairment and 11,000 with learning disabilities and blindness. It is estimated that all of these figures will rise by approximately 0.5% each year over the next two decades.

Journal article

A policy that is failing vulnerable people

Authors:
ROBERTSON Janet, EMERSON Eric
Journal article citation:
Community Living, 22(2), 2008, pp.22-23.
Publisher:
Hexagon Publishing

A recently published knowledge review by SCIE found that placing people way from their families and communities to which they belong is still a widespread practice by authorities and means that thousands of vulnerable people are not receiving the personalised and good quality support. The authors summarise the findings of the review.

Journal article

The life experiences of adults with learning difficulties in England

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, et al
Journal article citation:
Community Connecting, 4, Spring 2006, pp.18-19.
Publisher:
Community Connecting

This article briefly reports on the results of a survey which aimed to find out what life is like for adults with learning difficulties in England. The survey interviewed nearly 3,000 adults with learning difficulties.

Journal article

The need for credible evidence: comments 'On some recent claims for efficacy of cognitive therapy for people with intellectual disabilities'

Author:
EMERSON Eric
Journal article citation:
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 19(1), March 2006, pp.121-123.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell

Sturmey (2005)argues that the evidence base underlying approaches to intervention based on applied behavioural analysis (ABA) are significantly stronger than that underlying approaches to intervention based on cognitive therapy. He concludes that 'the ethical imperative of beneficence requires that people, including people with ID, receive known effective treatments. Those effective treatments are based on ABA'. In this commentary, the author argues that Sturmey's selection of evidence to support the central argument (the superiority of ABA) involves some highly contestable assumptions and that evidence of the effectiveness of ABA falls far short of that required for evidence-based policy and practice.

Book

Residential provision for people with learning disabilities: a research review

Authors:
HATTON Chris, EMERSON Eric
Publisher:
University of Manchester. Hester Adrian Research Centre
Publication year:
1996
Pagination:
25p.
Place of publication:
Manchester

The aims of the review were fourfold: to produce an authoritative comprehensive summary of existing research relating to the characteristics, quality and costs of differing forms of residential provision for people with learning disabilities in the UK; to utilise 1991 Census data to describe the nature of current residential provision for this client group; to begin to map out, through a process of consultation with a wide range of organisations and visits to services, the defining characteristics and aims of differing approaches to residential provision; and to generate a list of recommendations concerning the conduct of future research  into alternative forms of residential provision for people with learning disabilities.

Book

The HARC challenging behaviour project: report 5: the treatment and management of challenging behaviour

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, et al
Publisher:
University of Manchester. Hester Adrian Research Centre
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
33p.
Place of publication:
Manchester

In 1994 the Department of Health commissioned the Hester Adrian Research Centre at the University of Manchester and the Centre for Health Economics at the University of York to undertake a series of projects to investigate aspects of challenging behaviour shown by people with learning disability. These projects extended workv previously undertaken at the Hester Adrian Research Centre. In particular they built upon a study of the prevaence of challenging behaviour in the areas served by seven District Health Authorities in the North West of England in 1988.

Book

The HARC challenging behaviour project: summary report

Authors:
EMERSON Eric, et al
Publisher:
University of Manchester. Hester Adrian Research Centre
Publication year:
1997
Pagination:
21p.
Place of publication:
Manchester

In 1994 the Department of Health commissioned the Hester Adrian Research Centre at the University of Manchester and the Centre for Health Economics at the University of York to undertake a series of projects to investigate aspects of challenging behaviour shown by people with learning disability. These projects extended workv previously undertaken at the Hester Adrian Research Centre. In particular they built upon a study of the prevaence of challenging behaviour in the areas served by seven District Health Authorities in the North West of England in 1988.

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