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Journal

Mental Handicap Research

Publisher:
BIMH Publications

The journal of Mental Handicap Research now continues as Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. The journal that aims to draw together the findings derived from original applied research in the field of intellectual disabilities. It reports on research from the UK and overseas by authors from all professional disciplines. The journal is aimed at an international, multi-disciplinary readership.

Journal article

Staff in services for people with learning disabilities: an overview of current issues

Authors:
HATTON Chris, EMERSON Eric
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(4), 1996, pp.215-236.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Despite the obvious importance of high quality staff performance for achieving the aims of community care policy, it is only recently that attention in the UK has begun to be focussed on staffing issues in services for people with learning disabilities. Discusses possible reasons for this increase in activity and introduces the content of the issue - which concentrates on demonstrating the range of approaches currently being used in UK research concerning staff in-services for people with learning disabilities.

Journal article

Staff burnout and absenteeism through service transition: from hospital to hostel

Authors:
HARVEY Emma, BURNS Jan
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 7(4), 1995, pp.328-337.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Residential nursing staff were asked to complete the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) each month for a total of six months throughout a service transition involving the move of a group of men with profound learning disabilities, some with additional challenging behaviours, from two hospital wards to a community-living orientated hostel. The MBI was used to measure the effect on staff of the intense reorganisation in their working environment. Levels of absenteeism were found to largely mirror the pattern of the MBI scores, with a one-month lapse between high burnout and high absenteeism, thus supporting previous research indicating an association between the two.

Journal article

The vulnerability of suspects with intellectual disabilities during police interviews: a review and experimental study of decision-making

Authors:
CLARE Isabel C.H., GUDJONSSON Gisli H.
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(2), 1995, pp.110-128.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (England and Wales) recognised that suspects with intellectual disabilities were 'vulnerable' during interviews with the police. Reviews the experimental evidence relating to two possible areas of disadvantage - impaired understanding of the caution and legal confabulation. A pilot study relevant to a third area, that of decision making, is presented.

Journal article

Use of ICD-10 research diagnostic criteria to categorise psychiatric and behavioural abnormalities among people with learning disabilities: the West Midlands field trial

Authors:
CLARKE David J., CUMELLA Stuart, CORBETT John
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 7(4), 1995, pp.273-285.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research (DCR) based on Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines for Mental and Behavioural Disorders were used to assign diagnoses to people with mental retardation who in addition had behavioural or psychiatric disorders. The trial showed that clinicians found the DCR to be a useful and comprehensive system for classifying psychiatric disorders occurring among people with mental retardation for research purposes, and for making diagnoses to allow communication in a succinct way with colleagues. The system was, however, felt to require modification for such, with an expansion of classification of behaviour disorders occurring in the absence of a specific psychiatric disorder.

Journal article

Understanding factors that influence staff responses to challenging behaviours: an exploratory interview study

Author:
HASTINGS Richard P.
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(4), 1995, pp.296-320.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Staff beliefs about challenging behaviours, and their perception of their working environment, are important for two main reasons. Firstly, the manner in which staff define challenging behaviour affects who is labelled as a challenge, and who is referred to specialist services. Secondly, staff views of their working environment may help us to understand why staff interact with people with learning disabilities in apparently counter-habilitative ways outlined in previous research. These issues were investigated in a systematic semi-structured interview of care staff. These findings, and their implications for research and practice, are discussed.

Journal article

The development of a shortened 'ways of coping' questionnaire for use with direct care staff in learning disability services

Authors:
HATTON Chris, EMERSON Eric
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(4), 1995, pp.237-251.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Reports on the development of the Shortened Ways of Coping (Revised) Questionnaire (SWC-R), a measure of staff coping strategies designed to be easily administered and scored in work settings. The reliability of the SWC-R was evaluated by administering questionnaires containing SWC-R to direct care staff in four learning disability services and, in attempt to explore issues of validity, measures of social desirability, distress, overall job satisfaction, overall life satisfaction, and propensity to leave the organisation. Discusses the results and recommends further use of the SWC-R in research concerning direct care staff in human services.

Journal article

Stressors, coping strategies and stress-related outcomes among direct care staff in staffed houses for people with learning disabilities

Authors:
HATTON Chris, et al
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(4), 1995, pp.252-271.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Self-reported stressors, coping strategies and stress-related out-comes were explored among direct-care staff working in two networks of small staffed houses for people with learning disabilities. Reports on the research methods used and the conclusions drawn from the investigation.

Journal article

A survey of intellectual disabilities amongst men on remand in prison

Authors:
MURPHY Glynis H., HARNETT Hedley, HOLLAND Anthony J.
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(2), 1995, pp.81-98.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Men detained in a South London prison on remand were screened for intellectual disabilities (mental handicap) over a three-month period. It is concluded that men with intellectual disabilities were not over-represented in prison but that there were a number of men close to the disability range who were psychologically very vulnerable.

Journal article

Future directions for research on staff performance in services for people with learning disabilities

Authors:
HASTINGS R.P., REMINGTON B., HATTON C.
Journal article citation:
Mental Handicap Research, 8(4), 1995, pp.333-339.
Publisher:
BIMH Publications

Provides a conclusion to this special issue on staff in services for people with learning disabilities by looking at future directions for research.

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