Residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in England, Wales and Scotland
- EMERSON Eric, HATTON Chris
- Journal article citation:
- Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 11(1), 1998, pp.1-14.
Describes the nature and extent of residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in 1991 in England, Scotland and Wales. Data from the OPCS Census suggest that: (1) substantial regional and national variation existed; (2) overall, the level of provision was significantly lower than Department of Health targets for 1991; (3) the majority of people with intellectual disabilities were living in relatively large-scale congregate care settings; (4) the majority of residents were younger and middle-aged adults; (5) young black men were significantly more likely to be placed in residential provision than their peers from other ethnic groups; (6) young Asian men, young Chinese/Other men and young Asian women were significantly less likely to be placed in residential provision than their peers from other ethnic groups; (7) rates of employment and marriage among residents were markedly lower than for the general population. The results are discussed in relation to national policy aims and existing and future demand for residential provision.
- Subject terms:
- learning disabilities, residential care, social care provision, surveys;
- England, Scotland, United Kingdom, Wales
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