Online sexual coercion and extortion as a form of crime affecting children: law enforcement perspective

European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation
Publication year:
Place of publication:
The Hague

This report aims to raise awareness of online sexual coercion and extortion of children (oSCEC) as one of the most significant online threats against children and to contribute to the public discourse on effective responses to it, especially in terms of reporting and support mechanisms in the EU Member States. The key elements of online sexual coercion and extortion, or the blackmailing of those individuals whose sexual photo or video was made available in an online environment, are: material — any material (information, photo or video) the victim seeks to keep private; threat — what a victim would like to prevent from happening, in most cases the release of material that victim seeks to keep private; and value — what the perpetrator demands from a victim. The report provides a description of the phenomenon, looking at the motivation of the perpetrator, the circumstances and the key elements of oSCEC; describes both the perpetrator’s and victim’s profiles; and considers possible responses to the phenomenon, including prevention and reporting and support mechanisms. (Edited publisher abstract)

Subject terms:
internet, digital technology, information technology, social media, child sexual abuse, child sexual exploitation;
Content type:
practice guidance
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