Music therapy to reduce agitation in dementia

CRAIG Jacqueline
Journal article citation:
Nursing Times, 110(32/33), 2014, pp.12-15.
Nursing Times

A systematic review of the literature was carried out to investigate the efficacy of group music therapy to reduce agitation in people with dementia. Searches were carried out on AMED, CINAHL and Medline databases. A total of 50 articles were retrieved and eight articles were selected for review. Eight articles showed that music therapy is can be used with people with all stages of dementia. The best results involved using familiar music and a qualified group music therapist. Optimum frequency of intervention was two to three times a week for 30-50 minutes. Control interventions such as reading and recreational activities also reduced agitation. Further research should be conducted to ascertain the most suitable music types to be used in therapy sessions. (Edited publisher abstract)

Subject terms:
agitation, music therapy, dementia, challenging behaviour, intervention, care homes, day centres, wellbeing, groupwork;
Content type:
systematic review
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