Households below a Minimum Income Standard: 2008/09 to 2013/14

Joseph Rowntree Foundation
Publication year:
v, 45
Place of publication:

This report looks at how many people live in households with insufficient income to afford a minimum socially acceptable standard of living according to the Minimum Income Standard (MIS), a measured rooted in what the public consider is needed for a minimum acceptable standard of living. The paper shows that the proportion of people in households with incomes below MIS increased by a third between 2008/09 and 2013/14, from 21 to nearly 28 per cent, although the rate of increase has slowed. Working families with children have faced a growing risk of low income; 41 per cent of lone parents working full time had incomes below MIS, up from 26 per cent in 2008/09; for families with both parents working full time, the risk rose from 5 to 12 per cent. In couples with a single breadwinner, the risk rose from 38 to 51 per cent. Older singles (over 35) living alone and working full-time have a growing risk of inadequate income: their risk of being below MIS increased from 7 to 14 per cent between 2008/09 and 2013/14. Social tenants became more likely to be below MIS in 2013/14, coinciding with introduction of the under-occupancy charge. For pensioners, the risk of being below MIS rose slightly, but remained far lower than for other groups, at 8.5 per cent. Just over half of individuals with incomes below MIS were in couple families with children (45 per cent in 2008/09). (Edited publisher abstract)

Subject terms:
income, poverty, standard of living, low income, socioeconomic groups;
Content type:
United Kingdom
Register/Log in to view this resource

Key to icons

  • Free resource Free resource
  • Journal article Journal article
  • Book Book
  • Digital media Digital media
  • Journal Journal

Give us your feedback

Social Care Online continues to be developed in response to user feedback.

Contact us with your comments and for any problems using the website.

Sign up/login for more

Register/login to access resource links, advanced search and email alerts