Harvesting health, effects of three types of horticultural therapy activities for persons with dementia

Journal article citation:
Dementia: the International Journal of Social Research and Practice, 3(2), June 2004, pp.161-180.

This exploratory study investigated differential responses of persons with dementia to three types of horticultural therapy (HT) activities: cooking, crafts, and planting. HT activities were conducted three times per week at an adult day service (ADS) programme over a nine-week period. Observational data for each participant were collected during HT and more traditional ADS activities at five-minute intervals using a modified Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) technique. Predominant behaviour and affect of each timeframe were recorderded for participants. High levels of positive affect and engagement were observed during all of the categories of HT activities, but no significant differences were found between the three categories of HT activities. While levels of engagement in the presented HT and traditional activies were similar, the percentage of time spent doing nothing was lower during HT than traditional activities.

Subject terms:
older people, therapeutic horticulture, therapies, therapy and treatment, dementia, gardening;
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