20 years of workplace bullying research: a review of the antecedents and consequences of bullying in the workplace

SAMNANI Al-Karim, SINGH Parbudyal
Journal article citation:
Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17(6), November 2012, pp.581-589.

In this article, the authors report on a review of the literature looking at theoretical and empirical work undertaken in the 2 decades since the first study specifically investigating workplace bullying was published in 1990. The article covers the definition and features of workplace bullying, and looks at factors linked with workplace bullying and the antecedents and consequences associated with bullying at individual (targets and perpetrators), group, organisational and societal levels. It presents a conceptual model of workplace bullying, and draws on this and the literature review findings to identify key avenues for future research. The authors conclude that there has been a significant rise in research on workplace bullying over the past 20 years but that research remains sparse at certain levels. They suggest that future research should investigate perpetrator related antecedents of bullying and group, organisational, societal and cultural factors that may influence bullying experiences in the workplace.

Subject terms:
management, organisational culture, staff, teams, aggression, bullying, employment;
Content type:
research review
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